Tuesday, March 15, 2005

My profile

My name is James M. (Mike) Mastrovito and I retired in 2004 after a career of some fifty years in law enforcement and intelligence, as an employee of the FBI and the Secret Service and as an independent contractor with the CIA. I have created this site to address reports appearing on the internet in which I have been mentioned. I will make comments and corrections to these reports as I believe are needed. These reports pertain to NSA watchlists, the CIA Crowley files, the JFK assassination and the Watergate affair.

I will make no additional comments on any of these subjects. I do not intend to join the long list of those who have profitted from books, articles and media appearances as a result of the information that they were privy to during their government careers.

15 Comments:

Blogger Vince Palamara said...

MY LETTER TO CLINT HILL
By Vince Palamara 2005


On 6/2/05, the author mailed this lengthy, 22-page letter to former WHD agent Clinton J. Hill (Certified, Return Receipt Requested with a S.A.S.E. to boot) summarizing the entire first chapter of my massively updated and expanded first book “Survivor’s Guilt: The Secret Service & The Failure To Protect The President” in great detail.



Mr. Clinton J. Hill 6/1/05

SUBJECT: Lynn Meredith (and colleagues) and PROOF that you are 100% NOT to blame for the actions and inactions of 11/22/63...a couple others must share the burden instead.

Dear Mr. Hill,

How are you, sir? It is a very great honor to get in touch with you (of all the former agents of the USSS, you and Robert L. “Bobby D“ DeProspero are arguably the most respected). Mr. Lynn S. Meredith, an esteemed colleague of yours from bygone days, gave me your address (and your number, although I thought it best to write in order to respect your privacy as much as possible). Mr. Meredith kindly volunteered this information without my asking because, quote, “If you really want to receive a very definite and accurate statement about [subject detailed shortly], I strongly recommend that you try to contact former agent Clint Hill. He was a good friend of mine and we were assigned together with the Kennedy family for the better part of four years, but I have had no contact with him since I retired twenty-one years ago.“


As for myself, I am a 38 year old student of history with a tremendous interest in the history of the United States Secret Service, especially during the period from FDR to Reagan, with a special emphasis on the JFK/ LBJ years (as an aside, I was born 6/25/66 while you were protecting LBJ [Floyd Boring was born 6/25/15, but I digress]). In that regard, since 1991, I have spoken to and/ or corresponded with over 60 former agents, something of a world’s record (the Warren Commission spoke to 12 agents and officials, including yourself. The old record breaker, the HSCA in the 1970’s, spoke to 44, albeit with subpoena power and a 6 million dollar budget from Congress). I am NOT a journalist---just an amateur with a sincere interest in (the history of) the USSS. I consider myself to be “the civilian Mike Sampson, Archivist.”  (one other interesting item: I worked for 9 years at the Federal Reserve Bank in Pittsburgh: Mr. Jerry Bechtle was the head of security for the reserve banks---he came to the site a few times---and is also apparently the regional director for your AFAUSSS meetings!) In addition, I have done much document research, as well as collecting quite a trove of books, videos, and dvds relating to the USSS (I have your appearances on “60 Minutes” from 1975 and 1993, as well as your appearances on the 1995 History Channel documentary “The Secret Service”, the 1995 Discovery Channel documentary “Inside The Secret Service”, and the 2004 National Geographic documentary “Inside The U.S. Secret Service”).

My interest in the agency was sparked by, of all things, the ‘60’s television classic “The Wild, Wild West” (about the Secret Service of the 1860’s!), which led me to pursue non-controversial aspects of the agency, so to speak. However, all this was to change, quite by accident, on 9/27/92: the day I spoke---on three different occasions--- to Jerry Behn, the former SAIC of the WHD from Sept. 1961 to Jan. 1965. Before these conversations, I had taken it as gospel that President Kennedy was difficult to protect and had even ordered the agents off his limousine before, especially during the Tampa, Florida trip of 11/18/63. In fact, on 4/22/64, exactly 6 months to the day after those tragic events in Dallas, the Warren Commission had Chief Rowley obtain reports from five of his agents, including Gerald A. Behn, Floyd M. Boring, Emory P. Roberts, John D. Ready, and yourself. Taking them at face value and at first glance, one gets the natural impression that JFK did indeed impose this order. However, this is at first glance…seems no one bothered to take a second look, so to speak. This is where the story gets very, very interesting, indeed (PLEASE bear with this and read the fruits of my labor in full: the following PROVES you are 100% not to blame for anything that did or did not transpire on 11/22/63. I only wish this information would have been provided to you many years ago---before your 1990 trek to Dallas from the nearby AFAUSSS convention----for your peace of mind).

Although Behn, not on the Texas trip (this will become important in a moment), stated unequivocally in his report that JFK "told me that he did not want agents riding on the back of his car," this was in the context of two 1961 trips, one of which was the funeral of Sam Rayburn, a non-motorcade affair. That said, on 9/27/92, Behn told me quite emphatically in a raspy voice I will remember forever: "I don't remember Kennedy ever saying that he didn't want anybody on the back of his car." Before I could catch my breath, he added: “I think if you watch the newsreel pictures you’ll find agents on there from time to time,” an understatement after seeing newsreels of the trips to Germany, Italy, Ireland, Hawaii, Chicago, etc. from 1963 alone. Importantly, Mr. Behn ended his 1964 report by stating: "As late as November 18 [1963]...he [JFK] told ASAIC Boring the same thing [or so Boring claimed]."

Assistant Special Agent In Charge (ASAIC) Floyd M. Boring, also not on the Texas trip, dealt primarily with the 11/18/63 Tampa, Florida trip in his report, while also mentioning the 7/2/63 Italy trip, alleging that President Kennedy made this request for both stops. Boring made the Florida trip in place of Mr. Behn. That said, in yet another alarming contradiction that caught me totally off guard, Boring exclaimed: “No, no, no-that's not true...[JFK] was a very easy-going guy...he didn't interfere with our actions at all," thus also contradicting his report (more on Mr. Boring in a moment).

Assistant To the Special Agent in Charge (ATSAIC) Emory P. Roberts (on the Florida and Texas trips), the shift leader/ commander of the Secret Service follow-up car – the late Mr. Roberts deals exclusively with the 11/18/63 Tampa, Florida trip in his report: Boring was Roberts sole source, via radio transmission from the limousine ahead of his follow-up vehicle, for JFK's alleged request.

Special Agent (SA) John David “Jack” Ready (on the Texas trip) – Ready’s very brief report deals exclusively with the 11/18/63 Tampa, Florida trip. However, Mr. Ready was not on this specific trip: Mr. Boring was, once again, his sole source for JFK's alleged request. Ready would not respond to written inquiries from myself.


Finally, your report deals with the 11/18/63 Tampa, Florida trip and Boring second-hand, as well: like Ready, you were not on this trip, either (more on your report---as it is a very honest, important piece of history---in a moment).


So of the five Secret Service reports, four have as their primary source for JFK's alleged request Agent Boring, including one by Boring himself, while the remaining report, written by Mr. Behn, mentions the same 11/18/63 trip with Mr. Boring as the others do. Both Behn and Boring totally contradicted the contents of their reports at different times, independent of each other, to myself. In addition, agents did ride on the rear of the limousine on 7/2/63 and 11/18/63 anyway, despite these alleged Presidential requests, as the film and photo record proves. Needless to say, with Boring joining Behn in refuting the substance of their reports, the official Secret Service ‘explanation’ falls like a house of cards. Behn’s report, Boring’s report, and your report are not even on any Secret Service or Treasury Dept. stationary, just blank sheets of paper. In fact, your report is the only one of the five that is undated, a telling error to make in an official government report written by request of the head of the Secret Service…or was it really an error, per se?

(William Manchester reported in his acclaimed massive best-seller “The Death of a President” : "Kennedy grew weary of seeing bodyguards roosting behind him every time he turned around [indicating the frequency of the event], and in Tampa on November 18 [1963], just four days before his death, he dryly asked Agent Floyd Boring to 'keep those Ivy League charlatans off the back of the car.' Boring wasn't offended. There had been no animosity in the remark." Incredibly, Boring told me: "I never told him [Manchester] that." As for the merit of the quote itself, as previously mentioned, Boring said: "No, no, no-that's not true,” thus contradicting his own report in the process. Incredibly, BORING WAS NOT EVEN INTERVIEWED FOR MANCHESTER’S BOOK!)

In fact, the devastating effect these reports had can be best summed up by Treasury Secretary C. Douglas Dillon’s Memorandum for Chief Justice Warren dated 12/18/63: “…the President had [allegedly] frequently stated that he did not wish to have the agents riding on these steps [on rear of limousine] during a motorcade and had repeated this wish only a few days previously to agents assigned to him in Tampa [Florida, 11/18/63]. (In Dallas SA Hill, who had been assigned to Mrs. Kennedy and had not been in Tampa with the President, occasionally rode on the left rear step. Agent Ready, who was aware that the President had specifically stated his objection to agents’ riding on the steps, did not ride the step in Dallas) [emphasis added].”

Now, to your report (the keystone): "I...never personally was requested by President John F. Kennedy not to ride on the rear of the Presidential automobile. I did receive information passed verbally from the administrative offices of the White House Detail of the Secret Service to Agents assigned to that Detail that President Kennedy had made such requests. I do not know from whom I received this information...No written instructions regarding this were ever distributed...(I) received this information after the Presidents return to Washington, D. C. This would have been between November 19,1963 and November 21, 1963 [note the time frame!]. I do not know specifically who advised me of this request by the President (emphasis added)."


Your undated report was presumably written in April 1964, as the other four reports were written at that time. Why you could not "remember" the specific name of the agent who gave you JFK's alleged desires is very troubling, but through NO fault of your own…in fact, you revealed the name on 3/9/64, presumably before your report was written, in (obviously pre-rehearsed) testimony under oath to the future Senator Arlen Specter, then a lawyer with the Warren Commission:
Specter: "Did you have any other occasion en route from Love Field to downtown Dallas to leave the follow-up car and mount that portion of the President's car [rear portion of limousine]?"

Hill: "I did the same thing approximately four times."

Specter: "What are the standard regulations and practices, if any, governing such an action on your part?"

Hill: "It is left to the agent's discretion more or less to move to that particular position when he feels that there is a danger to the President: to place himself as close to the President or the First Lady as my case was, as possible, which I did."

Specter: "Are those practices specified in any written documents of the Secret Service?"

Hill: "No, they are not."


Specter: "Now, had there been any instruction or comment about your
performance of that type of a duty with respect to anything President
Kennedy himself had said in the period immediately preceding the trip to
Texas?"

Hill: "Yes, sir; there was. The preceding Monday, the President was on a trip to Tampa, Florida, and he requested that the agents not ride on either of those two steps."

Specter: "And to whom did the President make that request?"

Hill: "Assistant Special Agent in Charge Boring."

Specter: "Was Assistant Special Agent in Charge Boring the individual in charge of that trip to Florida?"

Hill: "He was riding in the Presidential automobile on that trip in Florida, and I presume that he was. I was not along."

Specter: "Well, on that occasion would he have been in a position comparable to that occupied by Special Agent Kellerman on this trip to Texas?"

Hill: "Yes sir; the same position."
Specter: "And Special Agent Boring informed you of that instruction by President Kennedy?"
Hill: "Yes sir, he did."

Specter: "Did he make it a point to inform other special agents of that same instruction?"

Hill: "I believe that he did, sir."

Specter: "And, as a result of what President Kennedy said to him, did he instruct you to observe that Presidential admonition?"

Hill: "Yes, sir."

Specter: "How, if at all, did that instruction of President Kennedy affect your action and - your action in safeguarding him on this trip to Dallas?"

Hill: "We did not ride on the rear portions of the automobile. I did on those four occasions because the motorcycles had to drop back and there was no protection on the left-hand side of the car." (Emphasis added)

(Yet, during Chief Rowley’s Warren Commission testimony, he was asked the following:
Mr. Rankin: “Chief Rowley, I should like to have you state for the record, for the Commission, whether the action of President Kennedy in making these statements was understood by you or properly could have been understood by the agents as relieving them of any responsibility about the protection of the President.”

Mr. Rowley: “No; I would not so construe that, Mr. Rankin. The agents would respond regardless of what the President said if the situation indicated a potential danger. The facilities were available to them. They had the rear steps, they would be there as a part of the screen. And immediately in the event of any emergency they would have used them [emphasis added].” Rowley even added: “Now, if the thing gets too sticky, you put the agent right in the back seat, which I have done many times with past Presidents.”)

Furthermore, on 9/18/96, by my request , the Assassination Records Review Board’s Doug Horne interviewed Mr. Boring regarding this matter. Horne wrote: "Mr. Boring was asked to read pages 136-137 of Clint Hill's Warren Commission testimony, in which Clint Hill recounted that Floyd Boring had told him just days prior to the assassination that during the President's Tampa trip on Monday, 11/18/63, JFK had requested that agents not ride on the rear steps of the limousine, and that Boring had also so informed other agents of the White House detail, and that as a result, agents in Dallas (except Clint Hill, on brief occasions) did not ride on the rear steps of the limousine. MR BORING AFFIRMED THAT HE DID MAKE THESE STATEMENTS TO CLINT HILL, BUT STATED THAT HE WAS NOT RELAYING A POLICY CHANGE, BUT RATHER SIMPLY TELLING AN ANECDOTE ABOUT THE PRESIDENT'S KINDNESS AND CONSIDERATION IN TAMPA IN NOT WANTING AGENTS TO HAVE TO RIDE ON THE REAR OF THE LINCOLN LIMOUSINE WHEN IT WAS NOT NECESSARY TO DO SO BECAUSE OF A LACK OF CROWDS ALONG THE STREET (Emphasis added).”

I find this admission startling, especially because the one agent who decided to ride on the rear of the limousine in Dallas anyway---and on at least 4 different occasions--- was none other than yourself!.

This also does not address what the agents were to do when the crowds were heavier, or even what exactly constituted a "crowd", as AGENTS DID RIDE ON THE REAR STEPS OF THE LIMOUSINE IN TAMPA ON NOVEMBER 18, 1963 ANYWAY (agents Donald J. Lawton, Andrew E. Berger, & Charles T. Zboril, to be exact)!
Furthermore, as noted above, both your written report and your testimony sure convey a more strict approach than one stemming from an alleged “kind anecdote“. In fact, as mentioned above, you twice stated in your report that you DID NOT RECALL who the agent was who told you, and the other agents, not to ride on the rear of the limousine, yet you named him under oath to Counsel Specter: Floyd Boring.

The deathblow to the Tampa tale: I wrote to former Florida Congressman Samuel Melville Gibbons on 1/7/04 and asked him if he had heard President Kennedy order the agents off the rear of the limousine. Gibbons rode in the rear seat with JFK and Senator George Smathers on the Tampa trip of 11/18/63. Gibbons response in full, dated 1/15/04: “I rode with Kennedy every time he rode. I heard no such order. As I remember it the agents rode on the rear bumper all the way. Kennedy was very happy during his visit to Tampa. Sam Gibbons.”

Furthermore, an amazing document was released in the 1990’s concerning, among many other related topics, the issue of the agents’ presence (or lack thereof) on the limousine. This is a 28-page “Sensitive” memorandum from Belford Lawson, the attorney in charge of the Secret Service area for the HSCA, addressed to Gary Cornwell & Ken Klein dated 5/31/77 and revised 8/15/77. Apparently, Attorney Lawson was suspicious of Mr. Boring, for he wrote on the final page of this lengthy memorandum: “Subject: Florida Motorcades in November 1963…Was Floyd Boring, the Senior SS Agent on the White House detail, lying to SS Agent Hill when he told Hill that JFK had said in Tampa…that he wanted no agents riding upright on the rear bumper step of the JFK limousine? Did JFK actually say this? Did Boring know when he told this to Hill that Hill would be riding outboard on the JFK follow-up car in Dallas on November 22, 1963? Did Boring say this to Ready or Roberts? [Lawson’s emphasis]”


***Floyd M. Boring, Emory P. Roberts, & William R. Greer bear THE burden for the security lapses in Dallas; no one else (more on Roberts & Greer later)***

“The Washington Post” reported on 5/14/98: “During private meetings, sources said, [Then-Secret Service Director Lewis C.] Merletti told officials from [Kenneth] Starr's office [investigating the President Clinton/ Monica Lewinsky matter] and the Treasury and Justice departments that trust and proximity to a president are crucial to protecting him...the service ran through the history of assassination attempts, showing instances where they succeeded or failed, possibly depending on how close agents were to an intended victim. Sources said they produced rare photographs of John F. Kennedy's fateful 1963 motorcade through Dallas, where agents were not standing on running boards on the back of his exposed automobile when shots rang out because the president several days before had ordered them not to…Merletti indicated to the court that the assassination in a moving limousine of President John F. Kennedy "might have been thwarted had agents been stationed on the car's running boards (emphasis added).” To drive the point home even further, here is an excerpt from Director Merletti’s testimony, as reported in “The Washington Post” from 5/20/98: "I have attached, as Exhibit A to this Declaration, photographs of President John F. Kennedy's visit to Tampa, Florida on November 18, 1963. We use these photographs, and the ones attached as Exhibit B, in our training exercises. Exhibit A demonstrates the lengths to which protective personnel have been forced to go to try to maintain proximity to the President. In the photographs contained in Exhibit A, agents are kneeling on the running board of the Presidential limousine, while the vehicle was traveling at a high rate of speed [note: a contradiction---according to prior official agency mythology, the agents shouldn’t even be there at all!]. I can attest that this requires extraordinary physical exertion. Nevertheless, they performed this duty in an attempt to maintain close physical proximity to the President. Exhibit B, by contrast, scarcely needs any introduction. It is a series of photographs of the Presidential limousine, taken just four days later, on November 22, 1963, in Dallas, Texas. As can be seen, at the instruction of the President, Secret Service agents had been ordered off of the limousine's running boards. An analysis of the ensuing assassination (including the trajectory of the bullets which struck the President) indicates that it might have been thwarted had agents been stationed on the car's running boards. In other words, had they been able to maintain close proximity to the President during the motorcade, the assassination of John F. Kennedy might have been averted. Exhibit C contains a series of photographs taken during the actual assassination that demonstrate how critical and tragic the absence of proximity to the protectee can be (emphasis added).”

Furthermore, actor John Malkovich repeated the myth of JFK’s alleged orders to millions of theater patrons in the Secret Service “sponsored” blockbuster 1993 Clint Eastwood movie “In The Line Of Fire”: “You wanted to station agents on his bumpers and sideboards-he refused. And do you know why I think he refused? I think he refused because he had a death wish.” For his part, Jerry Parr, a major consultant to the “In The Line of Fire” movie, told Larry King on 7/14/98: “The critical factor [in Dallas]…was the fact that he ordered the two agents off the car…which made him very vulnerable to Lee Oswald’s attack.”

Just a random sampling of comments from just some of your colleagues on the matter:

Rufus W. Youngblood, ASAIC of LBJ Detail: On 10/22/92, Youngblood confirmed : "There was not a standing order" from JFK to restrict agents from the back of the limousine - the agents had "assigned posts and positions" on the back of the President's car . On 2/8/94, Youngblood added: "President Kennedy wasn't a hard ass...he never said anything like that [re: removing agents from limo and the like]. As a historian, he [Manchester] flunked the course---don't read Manchester." Youngblood knows of what he speaks: he was interviewed by Manchester on 11/17/64.
Robert I. Bouck, SAIC of PRS: On 9/27/92, Bouck confirmed that having agents on the back of the limousine depended on factors independent of any alleged Presidential "requests": “Many times there were agents on his car.” On 4/30/96, the ARRB’s Doug Horne questioned Bouck: “Did you ever hear the President personally say that he didn’t want agents to stand on the running boards on his car, or did you hear that from other agents?” Bouck: “I never heard the President say that personally. I heard that from other agents (emphasis added).” The former agent also told the ARRB that JFK was the “most congenial” of all the presidents he had observed (Bouck served from FDR to LBJ).
DNC Advance man Martin E. “Marty” Underwood - He could not believe that Mr. Behn wrote in his report that JFK desired to have the agents off the car (later repudiated by Mr. Behn, of course), citing Clint Hill's actions on 11/22/63 as just one of "many times" that agents were posted on the back of the JFK limousine. During this 10/9/92 interview, Underwood confirmed that JFK never ordered the agents off the rear of the car.
Aide David F. Powers (rode in the follow-up car on 11/22/63) & Jacqueline Kennedy (rode with President Kennedy in the limousine)- In a personal letter dated 9/10/93, Mr. Powers wrote: "Unless they were ‘running’ along beside the limo, the Secret Service rode in a car behind the President, so, no, they never had to be told to "get off" the limousine" (emphasis added). This comment rivals Behn’s shocking statements to myself due to the source: President Kennedy’s longtime friend and aide and a man who was on countless trips with the President. For the record, Agent Bob Lilley endorsed Mr. Powers view: "Dave would give you factual answers." In addition, the ARRB’s Tom Samoluk told me that, during the course of an interview he conducted with Powers in 1996, the former JFK aide and friend agreed with my take on the Secret Service!
For her part, Jackie “played the events over and over in her mind…She did not want to accept Jack’s death as a freak accident, for that meant his life could have been spared---if only the driver in the front seat of the presidential limousine [Agent William R. Greer] had reacted more quickly and stepped on the gas…if only the Secret Service had stationed agents on the rear bumper…[emphasis added]”
Winston G. Lawson, WHD (lead) advance agent for the Dallas trip: In a stunning letter dated 1/12/04, Lawson wrote: “I do not know of any standing orders for the agents to stay off the back of the car. After all, foot holds and handholds were built into that particular vehicle. I am sure it would have been on a “case by case” basis depending on event, intelligence, threats, etc. Jerry Behn as Special Agent in Charge of the White House Detail…would have been privy to that type of info more than I [see above]. However, it never came to my attention as such. I am certain agents were on the back on certain occasions [emphasis added].” The agent should be certain of that last understatement---he rode on the back of the limousine on the 7/2/63 Italy trip. Coming from one of the chief architects of security planning in Dallas, this is very important, to say the least.
Robert E. Lilley, WHD agent with JFK from election night until Oct. 1963: transferred to Boston Office - When I told Lilley what Mr. Behn said in September 1992, that Kennedy never said a thing about having the agents removed from the limousine (thus repudiating his own report), Lilley responded: "Oh, I'm sure he [JFK] didn't [order agents off his car, agreeing with Behn]. He was very cooperative with us once he became President. He was extremely cooperative. Basically, 'whatever you guys want is the way it will be'." Lilley later reiterated this on two different occasions (9/21/93 and 6/7/96, respectively). Lilley also refuted the Bishop and Manchester accounts, adding that, as an example, on a trip with JFK in Caracas, Venezuela, he and "Roy Kellerman rode on the back of the limousine all the way to the Presidential palace" at speeds reaching "50 miles per hour." Furthermore, Lilley did the advance work for JFK’s trip to Naples, Italy in the summer of 1963: again, agents rode on the rear of the limousine.

Arthur L. Godfrey, ATSAIC of WHD---The former agent told me on 5/30/96, regarding the notion that JFK ordered the agents not to do certain things which included removing themselves from the rear of the limousine: "That's a bunch of baloney; that's not true. He never ordered us to do anything. He was a very nice man...cooperative.” Godfrey reiterated this on 6/7/96. Asked if whether Aide Ken O'Donnell did any similar ordering, Godfrey said emphatically: "He did not order anyone around". As just one example, Godfrey was on the Italy trip mentioned in Boring’s report above and agents frequently rode on the rear of the limousine- one of the agents was none other than Winston G. Lawson. In a letter dated 11/24/97, Godfrey stated the following: "All I can speak for is myself. When I was working [with] President Kennedy he never ask [ed] me to have my shift leave the limo when we [were] working it," thus confirming what he had also told me telephonically on two prior occasions.
Samuel A. Kinney, WHD---The affable former agent told me on 3/5/94, regarding the “official” notion of history that President Kennedy ordered the agents off the rear of the limousine and the like: "That is absolutely, positively false...no, no, no: he had nothing to do with that [ordering agents off the rear of the limousine]...No, never-the agents say, 'O.K., men, fall back on your posts'...President Kennedy was one of the easiest presidents to ever protect; Harry S. Truman was a jewel just like John F. Kennedy was...99% of the agents would agree...(JFK) was one of the best presidents ever to control-he trusted every one of us [Emphasis added]." In regard to the infamous quote from William Manchester, Kinney said, "That is false. I talked to William Manchester; he called me on the book...for the record of history that is false - Kennedy never ordered us to do anything. I am aware of what is being said but that is false". Finally, just to nail down this issue, I asked Kinney if an exception was made on 11/22/63: "Not this particular time, no. Not in this case". Kinney also told me that Ken O'Donnell did not interfere with the agents: "Nobody ordered anyone around.”
Donald J. Lawton, WHD; rode on rear of limousine 3/23/63 (Chicago) & 11/18/63 (Tampa); relegated to airport duty 11/22/63---When I told Lawton on 11/15/95 what fellow agent Kinney said, namely, that JFK never ordered the agents off the rear of the limousine, he said: "It's the way Sam said, yes" (Meaning, he agrees with Kinney, it happened the way Kinney said). Asked to explain how he dismounted the rear of the limousine in Tampa, Lawton said: " I didn't hear the President say it, no. The word was relayed to us---I forget who told us now---you know, 'come back to the follow-up car. '“ This would have been Boring, by radio, to Roberts, then finally to the agents---Lawton, Zboril, and Berger---on the limousine. According to Lawton, JFK was "very personable...very warm". Asked about the tragedy in Dallas, Lawton said, "Everyone felt bad. It was our job to protect the President. You still have regrets, remorse. Who knows, if they had left guys on the back of the car...you can hindsight yourself to death (emphasis added).” Paradoxically, when I asked Lawton if JFK really made the statement to Boring mentioned above, Lawton said: “The President told him [Boring], I think he said 'get the college kids off the back of the car.'” (See Blaine & Newman, below.) That said, in a letter dated, ironically, 11/22/97, Lawton wrote: "Since I am currently employed by the Secret Service [?] I do not believe it appropriate that I comment on former or current protectees of the Service. If you spoke with Bob Lilley as you stated then you can take whatever information he passed on to you as gospel [see Lilley’s comments, above].”
Secret Service Chiefs James J. Rowley and Urbanus E. “U.E.” Baughman---Rowley told the Warren Commission: "No President will tell the Secret Service what they can or cannot do.” Apparently, Rowley thought the agents DID ride on the rear of the limousine throughout the motorcade, for he added: “…the men at some point came back to this [follow-up] car.” In fact, Rowley’s predecessor, former Chief U.E. Baughman, who had served under JFK from Election Night 1960 until Sept. 1961, had written in his 1962 book “Secret Service Chief”: "Now the Chief of the Secret Service is legally empowered to countermand a decision made by anybody in this country if it might endanger the life or limb of the Chief Executive. This means I could veto a decision of the President himself if I decided it would be dangerous not to. The President of course knew this fact." Indeed, an AP story from 11/15/63 stated: “The (Secret) Service can overrule even the President where his personal security is involved.“
To the point, when Baughman was asked by U.S. News & World report on 12/23/63 about the Service’s protective efforts in Dallas, he said: “I can’t understand why Mrs. Kennedy had to climb over the back of the car, as she did, to get help…[this matter] should be resolved.” Apparently, Baughman was puzzled by the lack of agents on or near the rear of the limousine.
Press Secretary Pierre Salinger: JFK had a good relationship with the Secret Service and, more importantly, did NOT argue with their security measures. This was based on my correspondence with noted journalist Roger Peterson from 2/99 (from Peterson's very recent conversations with Salinger).
Cecil Stoughton, WH photographer---Stoughton wrote : "I did see a lot of the activity surrounding the various trips of the President, and in many cases I did see the agents in question riding on the rear of the President's car. In fact, I have ridden there a number of times myself during trips...I would jump on the step on the rear of the [Lincoln] Continental until the next stop. I have made photos while hanging on with one hand...in Tampa [11/18/63], for example. As for the [alleged] edict of not riding there by order of the President- I can't give you any proof of first hand knowledge." Stoughton went on to write: "I am bothered by your interest in these matters". In a later letter, Stoughton merely corroborated his prior written statements: "I would just jump on and off [the limo] quickly- no routine, and Jackie had no further remarks to me". It should be explained that, according to Stoughton's book, Jackie had told him to stay close to the limo in July 1963, and he did up to and including the Houston, TX trip of 11/21/63 (There are photos that Stoughton made from the follow-up car that day, as well). Then, for some unknown reason, Stoughton was relegated to a position further away from JFK on 11/22/63 .
Charles T. Zboril, WHD, Lawton's partner on the rear of the limo in Tampa on 11/18/63 ---Former Agent Zboril curiously did not give me a straight answer on this issue when interviewed on 11/15/95. Zboril said: "Well, Don Lawton and I are just sub-notes [sic] because somebody else testified on behalf of us about what happened in Tampa"- this was Clint Hill, testifying to Arlen Specter about why agents were not on the rear of the car during the assassination. When asked if it was true that JFK had ordered the agents off the limousine four days before Dallas, which I already knew not to be true, Zboril got emotional: "Where did you read that? I...If-if you read it in the Warren Report, that's what happened...Do you want me commenting officially? I’m pretty sure it’s there [in the Warren Report]…I'm talking to someone I don't know. I’m talking to you as frank as I can...If you read it in there [the Warren Report], it happened…I gave you more than I would give someone else". The agent also added: “There is an old adage that we used in the Secret Service: ‘Don’t believe anything you read and only half of what you see,’” the identical sentiment used by Jean and Jerry Behn. Zboril then gave me his home address and requested that the author send him anything on this matter, promising to respond back. He never did. Included in the package the author sent was a video of Agent Rybka being recalled at Love Field by Agent Roberts (more on this in a moment).

FBI Director J. Edgar Hoover to President Lyndon B. Johnson, 1:40 p.m., 11/29/63: "You see, there was no Secret Service man standing on the back of the car. Usually the presidential car in the past has had steps on the back, next to the bumpers, and there's usually been one [agent] on either side standing on these steps...[ellipsis in text]...Whether the President asked that that not be done, we don't know (emphasis added).” So, as of 11/29/63, a week after the murder, the myth hadn’t been set in motion yet. From Hoover’s Memorandum for Messrs. Tolson, Belmont, & Mohr, November 29, 1963: “…there was no Secret Service Agent on the back of the car; that in the past they have added steps on the back of the car and usually had an agent on either side standing on the bumper; that I did not know why this was not done - that the President may have requested it…[emphasis added]”
Newsmen: ABC’s Ron Gardner, ABC’s Jim Haggerty (former Eisenhower Press Secretary), & UPI’s Robert J. Serling: Shortly after the assassination on 11/22/63 before a television audience of many millions of people, Gardner reported: “Secret Service agents normally walk directly beside the car. We can’t see any in these pictures (emphasis added).” Also on the very same day before an enormous television audience, Haggerty maintained that agents normally walked or jogged near the rear of the president’s car, adding that he had a hand in planning many motorcades (as did his successor, Pierre Salinger). For his part, Serling wrote on 11/23/63: “There are two absolute rules for motorcade protection: The agent running or riding at the President's shoulder must never leave that position unless relieved. The other is to turn out the manpower in all secret service cars the moment trouble arises and get secret service bodies around the President [emphasis added].”
Samuel E. Sulliman, WHD (On Texas trip, in Dallas, at the Trade Mart): Sulliman told me on 2/11/04 that agents were on the back of the limousine a lot; in fact, he remembered riding there on the trips to Ireland and Germany. When told of Art Godfrey’s comments on the matter (see above), the former agent agreed with his colleague and said twice, regarding the notion that JFK ordered the agents off the car, “I don’t think so.” Sulliman also said that JFK was “easy to get along with.” As for who exactly was responsible for the decision to remove the agents from the rear area of the limousine, Sulliman said: “I can’t tell you who made the decision.” I took this to mean that he honestly did not know, rather than the notion that he was hiding the true answer.
Frank G. Stoner, PRS: During an interview conducted on 1/17/04, former agent Stoner, who served in the Secret Service from January 1945 until 1969, said that Manchester was “probably trying to sell books” when he suggested that Kennedy ordered the agents off the back of the limousine. In fact, the 84-year-old former agent laughed at the mere suggestion. Stoner also agreed with several of his colleagues that JFK was “very personable”: “He was an old Navy man. He understood security. He wouldn’t have ordered them off the car.”
Gerald W. “Jerry” O’Rourke, WHD (on Texas trip but not the Dallas stop; on WHD from Eisenhower to LBJ/1964)---In a letter dated 1/15/04, O’Rourke wrote: “Did President Kennedy order us (agents) off the steps of the limo? To my knowledge President Kennedy never ordered us to leave the limo. ” (Emphasis added) The agent added: “President Kennedy was easy to protect as he completely trusted the agents of the Secret Service. We always had to be entirely honest with him and up front so we did not lose his trust.”
Vincent P. Mroz, WHD (Truman, Eisenhower, and part-time with JFK, LBJ [9 months], and Nixon)---During an interview conducted on 2/7/04, the former agent said that President Kennedy was “friendly, congenial---he was really easy to get along with…just like Truman.” When asked, point blank, if JFK had ever ordered the agents off the car, Mroz said forcefully: “No, no---that’s not true.” When asked a second time, the former agent responded with equal conviction: “He did not order anybody off the car.”
J. Walter Coughlin, WHD (on Texas trip but not the Dallas stop)--- I e-mailed the former agent, asking him: “How often did agents ride on the rear of the limousine during JFK's time (and/ or walk, jog, or run nearby)? Coughlin responded: “In almost all parade situations that I was involved w [ith] we rode or walked the limo [Emphasis added].” Also, in the same message, I asked Coughlin: “What was President Kennedy like? Was he easy to protect?” The former agent responded in the same reply: “Very funny and very friendly. Knew all the agents by first name.” (Regarding LBJ, Coughlin wrote: “Didn't like anyone and could be very surly. Hard to protect - did not like to take advice.”) Coughlin later wrote: “The rear steps [of the limousine] were very adaquete [sic] for safety.” Finally, to clarify this matter further, I asked Coughlin: “So far, combing the literature, books, interviews, etc., I've found that Behn, Boring, Blaine, Mroz, Godfrey, Lawson, and Dave Powers said that President Kennedy did not order the agents off his limousine---do you think William Manchester and others took "poetic license" on this matter?” Coughlin responded: “Yes I do.”
Gerald S. Blaine, WHD (on Texas trip but not the Dallas stop)---Blaine told me on 2/7/04 that President Kennedy was “very cooperative. He didn’t interfere with our actions. President Kennedy was very likeable---he never had a harsh word for anyone. He never interfered with our actions [emphasis added].” When I asked Blaine how often the agents rode on the back of JFK’s limousine, the former agent said it was a “fairly common” occurrence that depended on the crowd and the speed of the cars. In fact, just as one example, Blaine rode on the rear of JFK’s limousine in Germany in June 1963, along with fellow Texas trip veterans Paul A. Burns and Samuel E. Sulliman. Blaine added, in specific reference to the agents on the follow-up car in Dallas: “You have to remember, they were fairly young agents,” seeming to imply that their youth was a disadvantage, or perhaps this was seen as an excuse for their performance on 11/22/63. Surprisingly, Blaine, the WHD advance agent for the Tampa trip of 11/18/63, said that JFK did make the comment “I don’t need Ivy League charlatans back there,” but emphasized this was a “low-key remark” said “kiddingly” and demonstrating Kennedy’s “Irish sense of humor.” However, according to the “official” story, President Kennedy allegedly made these remarks only to Boring while traveling in the presidential limousine in Tampa: Blaine was nowhere near the vehicle at the time, so Boring had to be HIS source for this story! In addition to Emory Roberts, one now wonders if Blaine was a source (or perhaps the source) for Manchester’s exaggerated ‘quote’ attributed to Boring, as Agent Blaine was also interviewed by Manchester (see above). [note: since this letter was sent, the author phoned Blaine on 6/10/05 (In fact, Blaine had just spoken to Hill on 6/9/05, shortly after---unbeknownst to Blaine---the author had contacted Hill via Registered Mail. Blaine is close to Hill---he attended Hill’s son’s wedding, along with fellow former agent Bill Livingood). The former agent said the remark “Ivy League charlatans” came “from the guys…I can’t remember who [said it]…I can’t remember (emphasis added).” Thus, Blaine confirms that he did not hear the remark from JFK (When asked if agents rode on the rear of the limousine on the Italy trip in 1963, Blaine said forcefully: “Oh yeah, oh yeah.” It turns out he was one of the agents) Blaine also added that the lack of agents on the rear of the car “had no impact,” adding: “Well, maybe a hesitation.” That is all it took. The former agent also said: “Don’t be too hard on Emory Roberts. He was a double, even a triple checker. He probably took Jack Ready’s life into consideration.” If only he would have taken Jack Kennedy’s life with the same degree of concern.]

Larry Newman, WHD (October 1961 to October 1963, then Washington Field Office)---In a friendly if somewhat contentious interview conducted on 2/7/04, Newman told me that there was “no policy” regarding the use of agents on the rear of Kennedy’s car, further adding that the question was “hard to answer: it depends on the crowd, the threat assessment, and so forth. There was not a consistent rule of thumb [emphasis added].” This comment will become important later. In addition, regarding the controversial “Ivy League Charlatan” remark first mentioned in Manchester’s book and noted by Lawton and Blaine (above), Newman said: “When Kennedy went to Florida [11/18/63], supposedly, I didn’t hear this directly, Kennedy said to Boring ‘Get the Ivy League charlatans off the back of the car [emphasis added].’” The former agent added that Manchester’s work, while with some merit, became “part of myth, part of truth.” I couldn’t agree more. With regard to Boring, Newman said: “Boring will only tell you the company line. I’m no friend of Boring’s.” Actually, what Boring told me went against the “company line” he espoused back in 1964. And, from the latter comment, Newman obviously has no love lost for his former boss on the WHD. The former agent said that both Behn and Boring were “extremely loyal to JFK,” adding: “Boring told you Kennedy didn’t want any agents on the car; then again, he’s been a proponent that JFK wasn’t a womanizer.” Both comments are true.
Newman phoned me unexpectedly on 2/12/04 to say that “there was not a directive, per se” from President Kennedy to remove the agents from their positions on the back of his limousine. The former agent seemed troubled by my research into the matter. Newman did ridicule former Director Merletti’s testimony in 1998 (see above). Regarding Roberts’ order not to move and his conduct, in general, Newman said: “They were probably afraid to hit the street at that speed.” When told that the cars were actually traveling quite slowly, including the limousine’s decelerating speed from a meager 11.2 mph, he had nothing to say in response. When asked if Tim McIntyre may shed more light on the matter (knowing full well that he said as much to me on 2/7/04), Newman now said he is “hiding out” and “probably, he wouldn’t talk to you anyway.” Fair enough. Newman seemed concerned yet strangely helpful in conversation. He reiterated that he has no good feelings for Boring (in contrast to his warm feelings for Kellerman) and that---describing himself--- said: “I’m not a good guy.” (!) Finally, Newman said: “You need to get inside the nuts and bolts.” That is what I am attempting to do.
J. Frank Yeager, WHD (on Texas trip but not the Dallas stop)---In a letter dated 12/29/03, Yeager wrote: “I did not think that President Kennedy was particularly “difficult” to protect. In fact, I thought that his personality made it easier than some because he was easy to get along with…” With regard to my question, “Did President Kennedy ever order the agents off the rear of his limousine,” Yeager responded: “I know of no “order” directly from President Kennedy…I don’t know what form or detail that this request was made… I also do not know who actually made the final decision, but we did not have agents on the rear of the President’s car in Dallas [emphasis added].”
ASAIC Floyd M. Boring - Perhaps even more startling than the comments of Behn, Powers, and Lawson, Floyd Boring told me, in reference to JFK's alleged "desires" mentioned by Mr. Bishop, Manchester (“quoting” Boring), and himself in his own report: "He actually - No, I told them...He didn't tell them anything...He just - I looked at the back and I seen these fellahs were hanging on the limousine - I told them to return to the car...[JFK] was a very easy-going guy...he didn't interfere with our actions at all" (emphasis added)! I reiterated the point - Mr. Boring was still adamant that JFK never issued any orders to the agents; he even refuted Manchester's book (see above). Remember, Boring is admitting it came from him, and not JFK! With regard to exactly who makes the decision regarding the agents’ proximity to the President, Agent Jerry Parr told Larry King: “I would say it was the agent in charge who makes that decision.” When asked, point blank, if JFK had ever ordered the agents off the rear of the limousine, including in Tampa on 11/18/63, Boring told me again : "Well that's not true. That's not true. He was a very nice man; he never interfered with us at all." In a letter received on, of all dates, 11/22/97, Boring confirmed what he had previously told me on two previous occasions (9/22/93 and 3/4/94, respectively) when he wrote: "President Kennedy was a very congenial man knowing most agents by their first name. He was very cooperative with the Secret Service, and well liked and admired by all of us (emphasis added)." Not only does Boring NOT mention anything about JFK’s alleged “desires” to restrict security during his two lengthy oral histories, the agent stated: “…of all the administrations I worked with, the president and the people surrounding the president were very gracious and were very cooperative. As a matter of fact, you can’t do this type of security work without cooperation of the people surrounding the president…[emphasis added]”

Author Jim Bishop revealed the seemingly unknown fact that Floyd Boring was the number one agent involved in the Dallas trip back in the 1960's in his book "The Day Kennedy Was Shot": "...[LBJ] called Secret Service Chief James Rowley. ‘Rufe [Youngblood] did a brave thing today,’ he said. ‘He jumped on me and kept me down. I want you to do whatever you can, the best that can be done, for that boy." He hung up [this was 11/22/63]. It had not occurred to him that Rowley, too, was lonely. If there was any blame, any official laxness, it didn't matter that the planning of the Texas trip had been in the capable hands of Floyd Boring (Emphasis added).”
And, to the JFK Library in the 1970's, Boring said: "Part of my job at the White House during the entire President Kennedy administration was to be in charge of the advance work. I used to assign people to do the advance work, and most of the overseas trips I did myself in conjunction with other people on the detail."
To the Truman Library in the 1980's, Boring added: "I was on all the advance work out of there. I was assigned all the advance work, sort of an administrator... I was second in charge [behind Special Agent in Charge Jerry Behn]."
Finally, fellow former agent Sam Kinney told me, in regard to SAIC Gerald A. "Jerry" Behn's absence from the Texas trip, leaving ASAIC (#2) Floyd M. Boring to be the agent in charge of the Texas trip: "Here’s the story on that. We got, as agents, federal employees, thirty days a year annual leave. We lose it, because they can’t let us go…there was only " x " amount of agents back then in the whole wide world… they could not let us off…Jerry Behn had probably worked three years without any annual leave at all and this particular time, he could get some time off and he didn’t go to Dallas. Roy Kellerman was third in charge, so he took the thing (sic), which is, you know-he's qualified. Floyd Boring stayed home- he could get his time off and he could still handle what ever came about from his house; there was very little correspondence between [the agents in Dallas] because Win Lawson had the advance (emphasis added)."
The 1996 ARRB interview of Boring: "Boring independently recalled that he was the person who assigned Winston Lawson as the S.S. advance agent for the Dallas leg of the Texas trip, but could not recall why or how "Win" Lawson was given that assignment." Agent David Grant, who worked hand in glove with Boring on the controversial 11/18/63 Florida trip, assisted Lawson in the advance preparations in Dallas. Boring was also involved in the pre-11/22/63 checks of the Protective Research Section’s (PRS) files of any potential threats to JFK reported in Dallas which, incredibly, yielded nothing, a matter fellow ASAIC Roy Kellerman found unusual, as did fellow agent Abraham Bolden, as common sense would seem to dictate (interestingly, according to his Truman Library oral history, Boring worked for PRS back in the 1940’s!). Yet Boring had begun his ARRB interview exclaiming: "I didn't have anything to do with it, and I don't know anything," a similar sentiment he first gave to me before probing further into the mystery. I later asked Boring: “Were you involved in any of the planning of the Texas trip?” Then, the agent finally admitted: “Well, no, I sent-ah, yeah, I was involved in that, yeah”.
Indeed, Mr. Boring IS interesting, to say the least. He bears the brunt of the burden.
Second would be ATSAIC Emory P. Roberts (albeit following orders via Boring)---When you testified to Mr. Specter “We did not ride on the rear portions of the automobile”, you probably meant agent John Ready, who was recalled by Agent Emory Roberts to the follow-up car when he started to react to the gunfire on 11/22/63. Mr. Roberts had ordered the men not to move even after recognizing the first shot as a shot, while a host of others thought the noise was a mere firecracker or motorcycle backfire. Mr. Roberts was the SAIC of the follow-up car who attempted, along with Ready, to defend his strange actions and inactions by noting the speed of the limousine, which was actually decelerating from an already slow speed of 11.2 miles per hour, not the “15-20” or 20-25” mph noted in Ready & Robert’s reports, as well as the distance between his car and the limousine, which was merely a scant five feet at the most when the shooting began, not the "20 - 25 " & “25-30” feet noted in their reports. (Even Inspector Thomas Kelley got into the act, later testifying: “The agents, of course, in the follow-up car were some distance away from the action.”) If that wasn’t enough, Ready’s first report stated the follow-up car slowed. His next report stated it was JFK’s limo that slowed instead (actually, both vehicles slowed down).
Regarding Roberts’ disturbing order not to move, agent Sam Kinney, the driver of the follow-up car, told me that this was “exactly right.” SA Ready was the agent who was assigned to JFK's side of the limousine, as you were assigned to Jackie's side. Roberts came to Ready's rescue in yet another report: "SA Ready would have done the same thing [as Agent Hill did] if motorcycle was not at President's corner of car"(!) Strange, but this posed no problem at all for Agent Donald J. Lawton on November 18, 1963, in Tampa (but unfortunately, like Agent Henry Rybka, Lawton was left at Love Field and was not in the motorcade detail). Even Chief Rowley got in on the act---he told the Warren Commission: “Mr. Hill, who was on the left side, responded immediately--as he looked toward the Presidential car, being on the left side, he scanned from left to right, and when he saw there was something happening to the President following a noise, he immediately jumped from his position to get aboard from his side. Mr. Ready scanned to the right so he was looking away from the President, because he was looking around from the right side. As a consequence, he wasn't aware of what was happening in the front. The car was also going on a turn at that time [emphasis added].” The car was actually heading straight to the overpass at the time.
If that weren’t enough, as I discovered back in 1991 when viewing slow motion black and white video footage of the Love Field departure, one can see agent Henry J. Rybka jogging to the rear of the limousine on JFK’s side only to be recalled by none other than Emory P. Roberts, who rises in his seat in the follow-up car and, using his voice and several hand-gestures, orders Rybka to cease and desist ! As the ARRB's Doug Horne wrote in a memo dated 4/16/96, based on viewing the aforementioned video shown during my presentation at a 1995 research conference (later to be shown during my brief appearance on the History Channel in 2003): "The bafflement of the agent who is twice waved off of the limousine is clearly evident. This unambiguous and clearly observed behavior would seem to be corroboration that the change in security procedure which was passed to SA Clint Hill earlier in the week by ASAIC Floyd Boring of the Secret Service White House Detail was very recent, ran contrary to standing procedure, and that not everyone on the White House Detail involved in Presidential protection had been informed of this change." (With regard to the Love Field video, former agent Larry Newman told me that he “never saw that before” and, when questioned on the matter, said he didn’t know all the particulars and that Tim McIntyre would be a good source on this. To date, I have been unable to obtain commentary from McIntyre---or Ready, or Landis---on this matter.)
All of this begs the question: were Rybka and Lawton the two agents who were supposed to have rode on the rear of the limousine in Dallas?
It appears that Mr. Hill---thankfully, for Mrs. Kennedy‘s sake---disobeyed Mr. Roberts by running after the limousine during the shooting. Just as important, Mr. Hill disobeyed Mr. Boring's orders by mounting the rear of the limousine four times briefly prior to the shooting on 11/22/63. Interestingly, Agent Boring just happened to be in charge of planning the Texas trip for the Secret Service! For his part, #3 man Roy Kellerman indicated to the Warren Commission that on 11/17/63 he was given the assignment to be the nominal agent in charge of the Dallas trip.

Finally, William R. Greer, the driver of the limousine---Ken O'Donnell stated: "Greer had been remorseful all day, feeling that he could have saved President Kennedy's life by swerving the car or speeding suddenly after the first shots." In addition, Greer told Jackie the following on 11/22/63 at Parkland Hospital, shortly after the murder: "Oh, Mrs. Kennedy, oh my God, oh my God. I didn't mean to do it, I didn't hear, I should have swerved the car, I couldn't help it. Oh, Mrs. Kennedy, as soon as I saw it I swerved. If only I'd seen it in time! Oh!” Finally, Dave Powers confirmed Greer’s guilt to CBS newsman Charles Kuralt on 11/22/88, also adding that if Greer would have sped up before the fatal headshot, JFK might still be alive today.

60 witnesses (10 police officers, 7 Secret Service agents, 38 spectators, 2 Presidential aides, 1 Senator, Governor Connally, and Jackie Kennedy) and the Zapruder film document Secret Service agent William R. Greer's deceleration of the presidential limousine, as well as his two separate looks back at JFK during the assassination (Greer denied all of this to the Warren Commission). By decelerating from an already slow 11.2 mph, Greer greatly endangered the President's life, and, as even author Gerald Posner admitted, Greer contributed greatly to the success of the assassination. When we consider that Greer disobeyed a direct order from his superior, Roy Kellerman, to get out of line BEFORE the fatal shot struck the President's head, it is hard to give Agent Greer the benefit of the doubt. As ASAIC Roy H. Kellerman said: "Greer then looked in the back of the car. Maybe he didn't believe me.” Clearly, Greer was responsible, at fault, and felt remorse. In short, Greer had survivor's guilt.
A sampling of the sixty witnesses to Greer’s gross negligence:
Houston Chronicle Reporter Bo Byers (rode in White House Press Bus) - Twice stated that the Presidential Limousine "almost came to a stop, a dead stop"; in fact, he has had nightmares about this.

Dallas Police Department (DPD) officer Earle Brown - "…The first I noticed the [JFK's] car was when it stopped...after it made the turn and when the shots were fired, it stopped."
DPD motorcycle officer Bobby Hargis (one of the four Presidential motorcyclists)---"…At that time [immediately before the head shot] the Presidential car slowed down. I heard somebody say 'Get going.' I felt blood hit me in the face and the Presidential car stopped almost immediately after that."

Secret Service Agent John Ready (follow-up car) - "…I heard what sounded like fire crackers going off from my post on the right front running board. The President's car slowed…"

Texas Governor John Connally (rode in JFK's limo and was himself a victim of the shooting) - "…After the third shot, I heard Roy Kellerman tell the driver, 'Bill, get out of line.' And then I saw him move, and I assumed he was moving a button or something on the panel of the automobile, and he said 'Get us to a hospital quick'…at about this time, we began to pull out of the cavalcade, out of line."

Dallas Morning News reporter Robert Baskin (rode in the National Press Pool Car) – stated: "…the motorcade ground to a halt."

Dallas Morning News reporter Mary Woodward (Pillsworth) - "…Instead of speeding up the car, the car came to a halt." She saw the President's car come to a halt after the first shot. Then, after hearing two more shots, close together, the car sped up. She spoke forcefully about the car almost coming to a stop and the lack of proper reaction by the Secret Service in 1993.

Alan Smith - "…the car was ten feet from me when a bullet hit the President in the forehead…the car went about five feet and stopped."

Ochus V. Campbell - after hearing shots, "he then observed the car bearing President Kennedy to slow down, a near stop, and a motorcycle policeman rushed up. Immediately following this, he observed the car rush away from the scene."

Peggy Joyce Hawkins - she was on the front steps of the TSBD and "…estimated that the President's car was less than 50 feet away from her when he was shot, that the car slowed down almost coming to a full stop."

First Lady Jacqueline Kennedy (rode in the Presidential limousine) - "We could see a tunnel in front of us. Everything was really slow then…[immediately after shooting] And just being down in the car with his head in my lap. And it just seemed an eternity…And finally I remember a voice behind me, or something, and then I remember the people in the front seat, or somebody, finally knew something was wrong, and a voice yelling, which must have been Mr. Hill, "Get to the hospital," or maybe it was Mr. Kellerman, in the front seat…We were really slowing turning the corner [Houston & Elm]…I remember a sensation of enormous speed, which must have been when we took off…those poor men in the front…" Mary Gallagher reported in her book: "She mentioned one Secret Service man who had not acted during the crucial moment, and said bitterly to me, 'He might just as well have been Miss Shaw!'” Jackie also told Gallagher: "You should get yourself a good driver so that nothing ever happens to you.” Manchester wrote: “[Mrs. Kennedy] had heard Kellerman on the radio and had wondered why it had taken the car so long to leave.” Former agent Marty Venker and C. David Heymann, among others, confirm in their books that Jackie felt Greer was responsible.

The sequence is crucial:
1.First shot (or shots) rings out - the car slows with brake lights on.
2.Greer turns around once.
3.Kellerman orders Greer to "get out of line; we've been hit!
4.Greer disobeys his superior's order and turns around to stare at JFK for the second time, until after the fatal headshot finds its mark!





As stated before, Greer was responsible, at fault, and felt remorse. In short, Greer had survivor's guilt.
But, then, stories and feelings changed.
Agent Greer to the FBI 11/22/63: "Greer stated that he first heard what he thought was possibly a motorcycle backfire and glanced around and noticed that the President had evidently been hit [notice that, early on, Greer admits seeing JFK, which the Zapruder proves he did two times before the fatal head shot occurred]. He thereafter got on the radio and communicated with the other vehicles, stating that they desired to get the President to the hospital immediately [in reality, Greer did not talk on the radio, and Greer went on to deny ever saying this during his Warren Commission testimony]…Greer stated that they (the Secret Service) have always been instructed to keep the motorcade moving at a considerable speed inasmuch as a moving car offers a much more difficult target than a vehicle traveling at a very slow speed. He pointed out that on numerous occasions he has attempted to keep the car moving at a rather fast rate, but in view of the President's popularity and desire to maintain close liaison with the people, he has, on occasion, been instructed by the President to "slow down". Greer stated that he has been asking himself if there was any thing he could have done to avoid this incident, but stated that things happened so fast that he could not account for full developments in this matter (!) [The "JFK-as-scapegoat" theme…and so much for Greer's remorse from earlier the same day]."

Agent Greer to the FBI 11/27/63: "…he heard a noise which sounded like a motorcycle backfire. On hearing this noise he glanced to his right toward Kellerman and out of the corner of his eye noticed that the Governor appeared to be falling toward his wife [notice that Greer now mentions nothing about seeing JFK hit---he does the same thing in his undated report in the Warren Commission volumes] He thereafter recalls hearing some type of outcry after which Kellerman said, "Let's get out of here." He further related that at the time of hearing the sound he was starting down an incline which passes beneath a railroad crossing and after passing under this viaduct, he closed in on the lead car and yelled to the occupants and a nearby police motorcyclist, "Hospital, Hospital! [Nothing about using the radio this time out]" Thereafter follows a complete physical description of Greer, as if the FBI agents considered him a suspect, including age, height, and color of eyes!

--------------------------------------------

So, if ASAIC Boring didn’t convey those “wishes” (no agents on the rear of limo, handicapping you to have to sprint forward from another moving vehicle), if ATSAIC Roberts wouldn’t have recalled Rybka & Ready and behaved so lackadaisically, and if Greer would have obeyed Kellerman and stepped on the gas, history WOULD have been different. THEY bear the burden. You behaved very admirably, especially under the circumstances.

I would appreciate any/ all comments you would like to make regarding this lengthy commentary.

Sincerely,

Vince Palamara
Carnegie, PA 15106


On 6/13/05, after not receiving a reply, the author phoned Mr. Hill, who was quite apparently angry---he first pretended not to know about the lengthy letter he had to sign for (of which the author received his signed receipt): “About what?,” Hill exclaimed in response to the author’s inquiry. Then, forcefully, Hill added: “I’m just not interested in talking to you.”

6:59 AM  
Blogger Vince Palamara said...

59 WITNESSES: DELAY ON ELM STREET
Updated 1998 edition
(based off the original 1991 article "47 Witnesses" that appeared in "The Third Decade", Jan/ March 1992, and which has since been cited in "The Third Decade"[11/92], "The Fourth Decade[11/93 and 9/97], "Proceedings of the Second Research Conference of the Third Decade, 6/18-6/20/93", pages 128 & 162, "The Proceedings of the Research Conference of the Fourth Decade, 7/19-7/21/96", p. 277, "The Third Alternative-Survivor's Guilt: The Secret Service and the JFK Murder" [1997], pages 20& 53, the website "The Puzzle Palace", "Assassination Science" [1998], p. 274, "Bloody Treason" [1997], Z-frame 313 photo section, "November Patriots" [1998], p. 465, and the 1998 revised version of "High Treason", p. 551)

-UPI's "Four Days" (1964), p. 17---In the right hand picture [a frame from the Muchmore film], the driver slams on the brakes and the police escort pulls up."

-"Newsweek", 12/2/63, p. 2---"For a chaotic moment, the motorcade ground to an uncertain halt."

-"Time", 11/29/63, p. 23---"There was a shocking momentary stillness, a frozen tableau."

-"Case Closed" by Gerald Posner (1993), p. 234---"Incredibly, Greer, sensing that something was wrong in the back of the car, slowed the vehicle to almost a standstill."
AND
-Gerald Posner, with Dan Rather, on CBS' "Who Killed JFK: The Final Chapter?", 11/19/93---By turning around the second time and looking at JFK as the car slows down, Posner says that "What he [Greer] has done is inadvertantly given Oswald the easiest of the three shots."

1) Houston Chronicle Reporter Bo Byers (rode in White House Press Bus)---twice stated that the Presidential Limousine "almost came to a stop, a dead stop"; in fact, he has had nightmares about this. [C-SPAN, 11/20/93, "Journalists Remember The Kennedy Assassination"; see also the 1/94 "Fourth Decade": article by Sheldon Inkol];

2) ABC Reporter Bob Clark (rode in the National Press Pool Car)---Reported on the air that the limousine stopped on Elm Street during the shooting [WFAA/ ABC, 11/22/63];

3) UPI White House Reporter Merriman Smith (rode in the same car as Clark, above)---"The President's car, possibly as much as 150 or 200 yards ahead, seemed to falter briefly" [UPI story, 11/23/63, as reported in "Four Days", UPI, p. 32];

4) DPD motorcycle officer James W. Courson (one of two mid-motorcade motorcycles)--"The limousine came to a stop and Mrs. Kennedy was on the back. I noticed that as I came around the corner at Elm. Then the Secret Service agent [Clint Hill] helped push her back into the car, and the motorcade took off at a high rate of speed." ["No More Silence" by Larry Sneed (1998), p. 129];

5) DPD motorcycle officer Bobby Joe Dale (one of two rear mid-motorcade motorcycles)---"After the shots were fired, the whole motorcade came to a stop. I stood and looked through the plaza, noticed there was commotion, and saw people running around his [JFK's] car. It started to move, then it slowed again; that's when I saw Mrs. Kennedy coming back on the trunk and another guy [Clint Hill] pushing her back into the car." ["No More Silence" by Larry Sneed (1998), p. 134];

6) Clemon Earl Johnson---"You could see it [the limo] speed up and then stop, then speed up, and you could see it stop while they [sic; Clint Hill] threw Mrs. Kennedy back up in the car. Then they just left out of there like a bat of the eye and were just gone." ["No More Silence" by Larry Sneed (1998), p. 80];

7) Malcolm Summers---"Then there was some hesitation in the caravan itself, a momentary halt, to give the Secret Service man [Clint Hill] a chance to catch up with the car and jump on. It seems to me that it started back up by the time he got to the car…"["No More Silence" by Larry Sneed (1998), p. 104];

8) NBC reporter Robert MacNeil (rode in White House Press Bus)---"The President's driver slammed on the brakes---after the third shot…" ["The Way We Were, 1963: The Year Kennedy Was Shot" by Robert MacNeil (1988), p. 193];

9) AP photographer Henry Burroughs (rode in Camera Car #2)---"…we heard the shots and the motorcade stopped." [letter, Burroughs to Palamara, dated 10/14/98];

10) DPD Earle Brown---"…The first I noticed the [JFK's] car was when it stopped..after it made the turn and when the shots were fired, it stopped." [6 H 233];

11) DPD motorcycle officer Bobby Hargis (one of the four Presidential motorcyclists)---"…At that time [immediately before the head shot] the Presidential car slowed down. I heard somebody say 'Get going.' I felt blood hit me in the face and the Presidential car stopped almost immediately after that." [6 H 294; "Murder From Within" by Fred Newcomb & Perry Adams (1974), p. 71; 6/26/95 videotaped interview with Mark Oakes & Ian Griggs: "That guy (Greer) slowed down, maybe his orders was to slow down…slowed down almost to a stop." Like Posner, Hargis feels Greer gave Oswald the chance to kill Kennedy.];

12) DPD D.V. Harkness---"…I saw the first shot and the President's car slow[ed] down to almost a stop…I heard the first shot and saw the President's car almost come to a stop and some of the agents [were] piling on the car." [6 H 309];

13) DPD James Chaney (one of the four Presidential motorcyclists)---stated that the Presidential limousine stopped momentarily after the first shot (according to the testimony of Mark Lane; corroborated by the testimony of fellow DPD motorycle officer Marion Baker: Chaney told him that "…at the time, after the shooting, from the time the first shot rang out, the car stopped completely, pulled to the left and stopped…Now I have heard several of them say that, Mr. Truly was standing out there, he said it stopped. Several officers said it stopped completely." [2 H 44-45 (Lane)---refering to Chaney's statement as reported in the "Houston Chronicle" dated 11/24/63; 3 H 266 (Baker)];

14) DPD motorcycle officer B.J. Martin (one of the four Presidential motorcyclists)---saw JFK's car stop "…just for a moment." ["Murder From Within" by Fred Newcomb & Perry Adams (1974), p. 71];

15) DPD motorcycle officer Douglas L. Jackson (one of the four Presidential motorcyclists)---stated "…that the car just all but stopped…just a moment." ["Murder From Within" by Fred Newcomb & Perry Adams (1974), p. 71];

16) Texas Highway Patrolman Joe Henry Rich (drove LBJ's car)---stated that "…the motorcade came to a stop momentarily." ["Murder From Within" by Fred Newcomb & Perry Adams (1974), p. 71];

17) DPD J.W. Foster---stated that "…immediately after President Kennedy was struck…the car in which he was riding pulled to the curb." [CD 897, pp. 20, 21; "Murder From Within" by Fred Newcomb & Perry Adams (1974), p. 97];

18) Secret Service Agent Sam Kinney (driver of the follow-up car behind JFK's limo)---indicates, via his report to Chief Rowley, that Greer hit the gas after the fatal head shot to JFK and after the President's slump to the left toward Jackie. [18 H 731-732]. From the HSCA's 2/26/78 interview of Kinney: "He also remarked that 'when Greer (the driver of the Presidential limousine) looked back, his foot must have come off the accelerator'…Kinney observed that at the time of the first shot, the speed of the motorcade was '3 to 5 miles an hour.'" [RIF#180-10078-10493; author's interviews with Kinney, 1992-1994];

19) Secret Service Agent Clint Hill (follow-up car, rear of limo)---"…I jumped from the follow-up car and ran toward the Presidential automobile. I heard a second firecracker-type noise…SA Greer had, as I jumped onto the Presidential automobile, accelerated the Presidential automobile forward." [18 H 742; Nix film; "The Secret Service" and "Inside The Secret Service" videos from 1995];

20) Secret Service Agent John Ready (follow-up car)---"…I heard what sounded like fire crackers going off from my post on the right front running board. The President's car slowed…" [18 H 750];

21) Secret Service Agent Glen Bennett (follow-up car)---after the fatal head shot "the President's car immediately kicked into high gear." [18 H 760; 24 H 541-542]. During his 1/30/78 HSCA interview, Bennett said the follow-up car was moving at "10-12 m.p.h.", an indication of the pace of the motorcade on Elm Street [RIF#180-10082-10452];

22) Secret Service Agent "Lem" Johns (V.P. follow-up car)---"…I felt that if there was danger [it was] due to the slow speed of the automobile." [18 H 774]. During his 8/8/78 HSCA interview, Johns said that "Our car was moving very slowly", a further indication of the pace of the motorcade on Elm Street [RIF# 180-10074-10079; Altgens photo];

23) Secret Service Agent Winston Lawson (rode in the lead car)---"…I think it [the lead car on Elm Street] was a little further ahead [of JFK's limo] than it had been in the motorcade, because when I looked back we were further ahead." [4 H 352], an indication of the lag in the limo during the assassination.;

24) Secret Service Agent William "Tim" McIntyre (follow-up car)---"He stated that Greer, driver of the Presidential limousine, accelerated after the third shot." [RIF#180-10082-10454: 1/31/78 HSCA interview];

25) Mrs. Earle ("Dearie") Cabell (rode in the Mayor's car)---the motorcade "stopped dead still when the noise of the shot was heard." [7 H 487; "Accessories After the Fact" by Sylvia Meagher (1967), p. 4; "Murder From Within" by Fred Newcomb & Perry Adams (1974), p. 71];

26) Phil Willis---"…The [Presidential] party had come to a temporary halt before proceeding on to the underpass." [7 H 497; "Crossfire" by Jim Marrs (1989), p. 24];

27) Mrs. Phil (Marilyn) Willis---after the fatal head shot, "she stated the Presidential limousine paused momentarily and then sped away under the Triple Underpass." [FBI report dated 6/19/64; "Photographic Whitewash" by Harold Weisberg (1967), p. 179];

28) Mrs. John (Nellie) Connally (rode in JFK's limo)---JFK's car did not accelerate until after the fatal head shot. [4 H 147; WR 50; "Best Evidence" by David Lifton (1988), p. 122];

29) Texas Governor John Connally (rode in JFK's limo and himself a victim of the assassination)---"…After the third shot, I heard Roy Kellerman tell the driver, 'Bill, get out of line.' And then I saw him move, and I assumed he was moving a button or something on the panel of the automobile, and he said 'Get us to a hospital quick'…at about this time, we began to pull out of the cavalcade, out of line." [4 H 133; WR50; "Crossfire" by Jim Marrs (1989), p. 13];

30) Dallas Morning News reporter Robert Baskin (rode in the National Press Pool Car)---stated that "…the motorcade ground to a halt." ["Dallas Morning News", 11/23/63, p. 2; "Murder From Within" by Fred Newcomb & Perry Adams (1974), p. 71];

31) Dallas Morning News reporter Mary Woodward (Pillsworth)---"…Instead of speeding up the car, the car came to a halt."; she saw the President's car come to a halt after the first shot. Then, after hearing two more shots, close together, the car sped up. [2 H 43 (Lane); DMN, 11/23/63; 24 H 520; "The Men Who Killed Kennedy" 1988]. She spoke forcefully about the car almost coming to a stop and the lack of proper reaction by the Secret Service in 1993. [C-SPAN, 11/20/93, "Journalists Remember The Kennedy Assassination"; see also the 1/94 "Fourth Decade": article by Sheldon Inkol];

32) AP photographer James Altgens---"He said the President's car was proceeding at about ten miles per hour at the time [of the shooting]…Altgens stated the driver of the Presidential limousine apparently realized what had happened and speeded up toward the Stemmons Expressway." [FBI report dated 6/5/64; "Photographic Whitewash" by Harold Weisberg (1967), p. 203] "The car's driver realized what had happened and almost if by reflex speeded up toward the Stemmons Expressway." [AP dispatch, 11/22/63; "Cover-Up" by Stewart Galanor (1998), Document 28];

33) Alan Smith---"…the car was ten feet from me when a bullet hit the President in the forehead…the car went about five feet and stopped." ["Chicago Tribune", 11/23/63, p. 9; "Murder From Within" by Fred Newcomb & Perry Adams (1974), p. 71];

34) Mrs. Ruth M. Smith---confirmed that the Presidential limousine had come to a stop. [CD 206, p. 9; "Murder From Within" by Fred Newcomb & Perry Adams (1974), p. 97];

35) TSBD Supervisor Roy Truly---after the first shot "…I saw the President's car swerve to the left and stop somewheres down in the area…[it stopped] for a second or two or something like that…I just saw it stop." [3 H 221, 266];

36) L.P. Terry---"…The parade stopped right in front of the building [TSBD]." ["Crossfire" by Jim Marrs (1989), p. 26];

37) Ochus V. Campbell---after hearing shots, "he then observed the car bearing President Kennedy to slow down, a near stop, and a motorcycle policeman rushed up. Immediately following this, he observed the car rush away from the scene." [22 H 845];

38) Peggy Joyce Hawkins---she was on the front steps of the TSBD and "…estimated that the President's car was less than 50 feet away from her when he was shot, that the car slowed down almost coming to a full stop." ["Murder From Within" by Fred Newcomb & Perry Adams (1974), p. 97];

39) Billy Lovelady---"I recall that following the shooting, I ran toward the spot where President Kennedy's car had stopped." [22 H 662];

40) An unnamed witness---from his vantage point in the courthouse building, stated that "The cavalcade stopped there and there was bedlam." ["Dallas Times Herald", 11/24/63; "Murder From Within" by Fred Newcomb & Perry Adams (1974), p. 97];

41) Postal Inspector Harry Holmes (from the Post Office Annex, while viewing through binoculars)---"…The car almost came to a stop, and Mrs. Kennedy pulled loose of him and crawled out over the turtleback of this Presidential car." [7 H 291]. He noticed the car pull to a halt, and Holmes thought: "They are dodging something being thrown." ["The Day Kennedy Was Shot" by Jim Bishop (1967), p. 176];

42) Peggy Burney---she stated that JFK's car had come to a stop. ["Dallas Times Herald", 11/24/63; "Murder From Within" by Fred Newcomb & Perry Adams (1974), p. 97; interestingly, during the 11/20/93 C-SPAN "Journalists Remember" conference, Vivian Castleberry of the Dallas Times Herald made the claim that her first cousin, Peggy Burney, was Abraham Zapruder's assistant "and was next to him when he shot his famous film. She called and said, 'Vivian, today I saw the President die.'"!---See Sheldon Inkol's article on this conference in the January 1994 "Fourth Decade"];

43) David Broeder--"…The President's car paused momentarily, then on orders from a Secret Service agent, spurted ahead." ["Washington Evening Star", 11/23/63, p. 8];

44) Sam Holland---stated that the Presidential limousine slowed down on Elm Street. [taped interview with Holland conducted in April, 1965];

45) Maurice Orr---noted that the motorcade stopped. [Arch Kimbrough, Mary Ferrell, and Sue Fitch, "Chronology", unpublished manuscript; see also "Conspiracy" by Anthony Summers, pages 20 & 23];

46) Mrs. Herman (Billy P.) Clay---"…When I heard the second and third shots I knew someone was shooting at the President. I did not know if the President had been hit, but I knew something was wrong. At this point the car President Kenedy was in slowed and I, along with others, moved toward the President's car. As we neared the car it sped off." [22 H 641];

47) Mrs. Rose Clark---"…She noted that the President's automobile came almost to a halt following the three shots, before it picked up speed and drove away." [24 H 533];

48) Hugh Betzner---"…I looked down the street and I could see the President's car and another one and they looked like the cars were stopped…then the President's car sped on under the underpass." [19 H 467];

49) John Chism---after the shots he saw "the motorcade beginning to speed up." ["Crossfire" by Jim Marrs (1989), p. 29];

50) Bill Newman---after the fatal head shot "the car momentarily stopped and the driver seemed to have a radio or phone up to his ear and he seemed to be waiting on some word. Some Secret Service men reached into their car and came out with some sort of machine gun. Then the cars roared off…"; "I've maintained that they stopped. I still say they did. It was only a momentary stop, but…" ["Crossfire" by Jim Marrs (1989), p. 70; "Murder From Within" by Fred Newcomb & Perry Adams (1974), p. 96] "I believe Kennedy's car came to a full stop after the final shot." ["JFK: Breaking The Silence" by Bill Sloan (1993), p. 169] "…I believe it was the passenger in the front seat [Roy Kellerman]---there were two men in the front seat---had a telephone or something to his ear and the car momentarily stopped. Now everywhere that you read about it, you don't read anything about the car stopping. And when I say "stopped" I mean very momentarily, like they hit the brakes and just a few seconds passed and then they floorboarded [sic] and accelerated on." [11/20/97 videotaped interview with Bill Law, Mark Row, & Ian Griggs, as transcribed in "November Patriots" by Connie Kritzberg & Larry Hancock (1998), p. 362] "One of the two men in the front seat of the car had a telephone in his hand, and as I was looking back at the car covering my son, I can remember seeing the tail lights of the car, and just for a moment they hesitated and stopped, and then they floorboarded [sic] the car and shot off." ["No More Silence" by Larry Sneed (1998), p. 96];

51) Charles Brehm---"Brehm expressed his opinion that between the first and third shots, the President's car only seemed to move some 10 or 12 feet. It seemed to him that the automobile almost came to a halt after the first shot…After the third shot, the car in which the President was riding increased its speed and went under the freeway overpass and out of sight." [22 H 837-838];

52) Mary Moorman---"She recalls that the President's automobile was moving at the time she took the second picture, and when she heard the shots, and has the impression that the car either stopped momentarily or hesistated and then drove off in a hurry." [22 H 838-839];

53) Jean Hill---"…The motorcade came to almost a halt at the time the shots rang out and I would say it [JFK's limo] was just approximately, if not---it couldn't have been in the same position, I'm sure it wasn't, but just a very, very short distance from where it had been. It [JFK's limo] was just almost stunned." [6 H 208-209; Hill's testimony on this matter was dramatized in the Oliver Stone movie "JFK" (1991): "The driver had stopped-I don't know what was wrong with that driver." See also "JFK: The Book of the Film" (1992), p. 122. Therein is referenced a March 1991 conversation with Jean Hill.];

54) James Leon Simmons---"…The car stopped or almost stopped." [2/15/69 Clay Shaw trial testimony; "Forgive My Grief Vol. III" by Penn Jones, p. 53; "High Treason" by Groden & Livingstone (1990 Berkley Edition), p. 22];

55) Norman Similas---"…The Presidential limousine had passed me and slowed down slightly." ["Liberty" Magazine, 7/15/64, p. 13; "Photographic Whitewash" by Harold Weisberg (1967), p. 233];

56) Presidential Aide Ken O'Donnell (rode in the follow-up car)---"…If the Secret Service men in the front had reacted quicker to the first two shots at the President's car, if the driver had stepped on the gas before instead of after the fatal third shot was fired, would Presdient Kennedy be alive today? [as quoted in Marrs' "Crossfire", p. 248, based off a passage from O'Donnell & Powers' book "Johnny, We Hardly Knew Ye"] On page 40 of O'Donnell's book "Johnny, We Hardly Knew Ye", the aide reports that "Greer had been remorseful all day, feeling that he could have saved President Kenendy's life by swerving the car or speeding suddenly after the first shots." Indeed, William E. Sale, an airman first class aircraft mechanic assigned to Carswell AFB and who was stationed at Love Field before, during, and after the assassination, stated that "when the agent who was driving JFK's car came back to Air Force One he was as white as a ghost and had to be helped back to the plane *[undated Sale letter, provided to the author by Martin Shackelford];

57) Presidential aide Dave Powers (rode in the follow-up car)---"…At that time we were traveling very slowly…At about the time of the third shot, the President's car accelerated sharply." [7 H 473-475]. On 11/22/88, Powers was interviewed by CBS' Charles Kuralt. Powers remarked about the remorse Greer felt about not speeding up in time to save JFK"s life and agreed with Kuralt that, if Greer had sped up BEFORE the fatal head shot instead of afterwards, JFK might still be alive today [CBS, 11/22/88---this is a very dramatic and compelling short interview]. If that weren't enough, the ARRB's Tom Samoluk told me that, during the course of an interview he conducted in 1996 in which the Board was in the process of obtaining Powers' film, Powers said that he agreed with my take on the Secret Service!;

58) Texas Senator Ralph Yarborough (rode in LBJ's car)---"…When the noise of the shot was heard, the motorcade slowed to what seemed to me a complete stop (though it could have been a near stop)…After the third shot was fired, but only after the third shot was fired, the cavalcade speeded up, gained speed rapidly, and roared away to the Parkland Hospital."; "…The cars all stopped. I put in there [his affidavit], 'I don't want to hurt anyone's feelings but for the protection of future Presidents, they [the Secret Service] should be trained to take off when a shot is fired." [7 H 439-440; "Crossfire" by Jim Marrs (1989), p. 482; see also "The Men Who Killed Kennedy" 1988: "The Secret Service in the car in front of us kind of casually looked around and were rather slow to react."];

59) First Lady Jacqueline Kennedy (rode in the Presidential limousine)---"We could see a tunnel in front of us. Everything was really slow then…[immediately after shooting] And just being down in the car with his head in my lap. And it just seemed an eternity…And finally I remember a voice behind me, or something, and then I remember the people in the front seat, or somebody, finally knew something was wrong, and a voice yelling, which must have been Mr. Hill, "Get to the hospital," or maybe it was Mr. Kellerman, in the front seat…We were really slowing turning the corner [Houston&Elm]…I remember a sensation of enormous speed, which must have been when we took off…those poor men in the front…" [5 H 179-181] Mary Gallagher reported in her book: "She mentioned one Secret Service man who had not acted during the crucial moment, and said bitterly to me, 'He might just as well have been Miss Shaw!'" ["My Life With Jacqueline Kennedy" by Mary Barelli Gallagher (1969), p. 342---Secret Service Agent Marty Venker and Jackie biographer C. David Heymann confirm that this unnamed agent was indeed Greer ("Confessions of an Ex-Secret Service Agent", p. 25; "A Woman Called Jackie", p. 401)] Jackie also told Gallagher that "You should get yourself a good driver so that nothing ever happens to you" [Ibid., p. 351]
* William Manchester, who interviewed Greer, tells us what the driver told Jackie on 11/22/63 at Parkland Hospital: "Oh, Mrs. Kennedy, oh my God, oh my God. I didn't mean to do it[?!?!], I didn't hear[who, Kellerman?], I should have swerved the car[how about hitting the gas!], I couldn't help it[!]. Oh, Mrs. Kennedy, as soon as I saw it[?] I swerved. If only I'd seen it in time! Oh!" (Manchester, p.290). 59 witnesses (10 police officers, 7 Secret Service agents, 37 spectators, 2 Presidential aides, 1 Senator, Governor Connally, and Jackie Kennedy) and the Zapruder film document Secret Service agent William R. Greer's deceleration of the presidential limousine, as well as his two seperate looks back at JFK during the assassination (Greer denied all of this to the Warren Commission-2HGREER[see his entire testimony]). By decelerating from an already slow 11.2 mph, Greer greatly endangered the President's life, and, as even Gerald Posner admitted, Greer contributed greatly to the success of the assassination. When we consider that Greer disobeyed a direct order from his superior, Roy Kellerman, to get out of line BEFORE the fatal shot struck the President's head, it is hard to give Agent Greer the benefit of the doubt. As ASAIC Roy H. Kellerman said: "Greer then looked in the back of the car. Maybe he didn't believe me"("The Death of a President" by William Manchester, p.160). Clearly, Greer was responsible, at fault, and felt remorse. In short, Greer had survivor's guilt.

But, then, stories and feelings changed.

Agent Greer to the FBI 11/22/63: "Greer stated that he first heard what he thought was possibly a motorcycle backfire and glanced around and noticed that the President had evidently been hit [notice that, early on, Greer admits seeing JFK, which the Zapruder proves he did two times before the fatsal head shot occurred]. He thereafter got on the radio and communicated with the other vehicles, stating that they desired to get the President to the hospital immediately [in reality, Greer did not talk on the radio, and Greer went on to deny ever saying this during his WC testimony]…Greer stated that they (the Secret Service) have always been instructed to keep the motorcade moving at a considerable speed inasmuch as a moving car offers a much more difficult target than a vehicle traveling at a very slow speed. He pointed out that on numerous occasions he has attempted to keep the car moving at a rather fast rate, but in view of the President's popularity and desire to maintain close liaison with the people, he has, on occasion, been instructed by the President to "slow down". Greer stated that he has been asking himself if there was any thing he could have done to have avoided this incident, but stated that things happened so fast that he could not account for full developments in this matter(!) [the "JFK-as-scapegoat" theme…and so much for Greer's remorse from earlier the same day!]."(Sibert & O'Neil Report, 11/22/63)

Agent Greer to the FBI 11/27/63: "…he heard a noise which sounded like a motorcycle backfire. On hearing this noise he glanced to his right toward Kellerman and out of the corner of his eye noticed that the Governor appeared to be falling toward his wife [notice that Greer now mentions nothing about seing JFK hit---he does the same thing in his undated report in the WC volumes (18 H 723)] He thereafter recalls hearing some type of outcry after which Kellerman said, "Let's get out of here." He further related that at the time of hearing the sound he was starting down an incline which passes beneath a railroad crossing and after passing under this viaduct, he closed in on the lead car and yelled to the occupants and a nearby police motorcyclist, "Hospital, Hospital! [nothing about using the radio this time out]" Thereafter follows a complete physical description of Greer, as if the FBI agents considered him a suspect, inc. age, height, and color of eyes! (Sibert & O'Neil Report, 11/29/63)


Critical excerpts from Greer's 3/9/64 Warren Commission testimony before Arlen Specter:
Mr. Specter.
Were you able to see anything of President Kennedy as you glanced to the rear?
Mr. Greer.
No, sir; I didn't see anything of the President, I didn't look, I wasn't far enough
around to see the President.
Mr. Specter.
When you started that glance, are you able to recollect whether you started to
glance before, exactly simultaneously with or after that second shot?
Mr. Greer.
It was almost simultaneously that he had--something had hit, you know, when I
had seen him. It seemed like in the same second almost that something had hit,
you know, whenever I turned around. I saw him start to fall.
Mr. Specter.
Did you step on the accelerator before, simultaneously or after Mr. Kellerman
instructed you to accelerate?
Mr. Greer.
It was about simultaneously.
Mr. Specter.
So that it was your reaction to accelerate prior to the time--
Mr. Greer.
Yes, sir.
Mr. Specter.
You had gotten that instruction?
Mr. Greer.
Yes, sir; it was my reaction that caused me to accelerate.
Mr. Specter.
Do you recollect whether you accelerated before or at the same time or after the
third shot?
Mr. Greer.
I couldn't really say. Just as soon as I turned my head back from the second shot,
right away I accelerated right then. It was a matter of my reflexes to the
accelerator.
Mr. Specter.
Was it at about that time that you heard the third shot?
Mr. Greer.
Yes, sir; just as soon as I turned my head
[…]
Mr. Specter.
To the best of your current recollection, did you notice that the President had
been hit?
Mr. Greer.
No, sir; I didn't know how badly he was injured or anything other than that. I
didn't know.
Mr. Specter.
Did you know at all, from the glance which you have described that he had been
hit or injured in any way?
Mr. Greer.
I knew he was injured in some way, but I didn't know how bad or what.
Mr. Specter.
How did you know that?
Mr. Greer.
If I remember now, I just don't remember how I knew, but I knew we were in
trouble. I knew that he was injured, but I can't remember, recollect, just how I
knew there were injuries in there. I didn't know who all was hurt, even.
Mr. Specter.
Are you able to recollect whether you saw the President after the shots as you
were proceeding toward Parkland Hospital?
Mr. Greer.
No; I don't remember ever seeing him any more until I got to the hospital, and he
was lying across the seat, you know, and that is the first I had seen of him.
Mr. Specter.
Your best recollection is, then, that you had the impression he was injured but
you couldn't ascertain the source of that information?
Mr. Greer.
Right. I couldn't ascertain the source.

Warren Commission finding: "The driver, Special Agent William R. Greer, has testified that he accelerated the car after what was probably the second shot...The Presidential car did not stop or almost come to a complete halt after the firing of the first shot or any other shots."(WC Report, page 641)

11/19/64 interview with "Death of a President" author William Manchester [RIF#180-10116-10119]---"After the second shot I glanced back. I saw blood on the Governor's white shirt, and I knew we were in trouble. The blood was coming out of his right breast. When I heard the first shot, I had thought it was a backfire. I was tramping on the accelerator and at the same time Roy was saying, let's get out of here fast."

But remember what Roy Kellerman said: "Greer then looked in the back of the car. Maybe he didn't believe me"("The Death of a President" by William Manchester, p.160).

2/28/78 HSCA interview [RIF#180-10099-10491]---"The first shot sounded to him like a backfire. He did not react to it. After the second shot he turned to his right and saw blood on Governor Connally's shirt. At the same moment he heard Kellerman say "We're hit. Let's get out of here," or words to that effect. He said he immediately accelerated and followed the pilot car to Parkland Hospital [However, DNC Advance man Jack Puterbaugh, who rode in the pilot car, said they "pulled over and let the motorcade pass" (HSCA interview 4/14/78). The Washington Post from 2/28/85 reported Greer as saying that "I just looked straight ahead at the car in which the police chief was leading our way to the hospital"---this is the lead car. Nevertheless, the Daniel film and still photos depict the limousine AHEAD of the lead car, as it appear it was the lead motorcyclists who actually guided Greer to Parkland! (see pp. 21-22 and 59 of "The Third Alternative" by the author)]

Bill Greer passed away from Cancer on 2/23/85.

The End?---


From a 9/17/91 interview with Bill's son Richard:

When asked, "What did your father think of JFK," Richard did not respond the first time. When this author asked him a second time, he responded: "Well, we're Methodists..and JFK was Catholic..." (Bill Greer was born and raised in County Tyrone, Ireland; 2 H 112 - 113)

"My father certainly didn't blame himself; it's not one of those things - if only I was driving one mile per hour faster

"My father had absolutely no survivor's guilt...he figured that events were kind out of their control...it was pretty common knowledge that a person riding in an open car was subject to a bullet at any time..."

The End.

7:00 AM  
Blogger Vince Palamara said...

Conspiracy Beliefs (and Denials) In High Places

By Vince Palamara


"You're never going to satisfy everybody…on something like that [the Kennedy assassination]. The experts disagree among themselves. Some will be satisfied with an answer; others won't."-
Behn's JFK Library Oral History, 2/24/76, p. 9


For some, their conspiracy beliefs (and denials) are remarkably consistent. For others, they are not. The following is a listing of the more prominent conspiracy believers and non-believers alike, as well as those who straddled the fence, so to speak. Keep an open mind, remember the context of the times, and weigh and consider the ramifications.



Secret Service Chief James J. Rowley:

-"Ten hours after the assassination, Secret Service Chief James Rowley knew that there had been three gunmen, and perhaps four, firing in Dallas that day…Robert Kennedy, who had already interrogated [Roy] Kellerman, learned that evening from Rowley that the Secret Service believed the President had been the victim of a powerful organization."
["Farewell America" by James Hepburn (pseud.), 1968, page 301; see also "High Treason" by Livingstone & Groden, 1998 edition, p. 128]
A change of heart for Rowley?---
"We had no credible information that there was a conspiracy."
[Rowley's LBJ Library Oral History, 1/22/69, p. 17; Rowley offered no opinion, one way or another, during his Truman Library Oral History, dated 9/20/88, nor during his interview with the author on 9/27/92. This probably was his last interview: Rowley passed away 11/1/92 ("Washington Post", 11/2/92)]



Secret Service Special-Agent-In-Charge (SAIC) of White House Detail (WHD) Gerald A. Behn and Dallas Office SAIC Forrest V. Sorrels:

-"Forrest Sorrels was on the telephone with Jerry Behn, discussing how the Ruby-Oswald connection could be quickly uncovered. Behn said, "It's a plot." Sorrels said, "Of course."
["The Death of a President" by William Manchester, 1988 edition, page 528. Manchester interviewed Behn once (12/18/64) and Sorrels twice (8/26/64 & 9/24/64)]
variation on a theme---
-"…later on the telephone Jerry Behn remarked to Forrest Sorrels (head of the Dallas Secret Service) 'It's a plot.' 'Of course,' was Sorrel's reply."
["Farewell America" by James Hepburn (pseud.), 1968, page 301; see also "High Treason" by Livingstone & Groden, 1998 edition, p. 128]
"I looked towards the top of the terrace to my right as the sound of the shots semed to come from that direction."
[Sorrels' report dated 11/28/63: 21 H 548]
According to Orville Nix, a Dealey Plaza eyewitness who filmed the assassination and who was a good friend of Sorrels (Nix was an air-conditioning repairman for the General Service Administration in the Dallas Secret Service Building), Sorrels told him that the shots came from the grassy knoll.
["Rush To Judgment" film by Mark Lane; see also "Who's Who in the JFK Assassination" by Michael Benson, 1993, p. 314]
A change of heart for Behn?--
"I'm convinced that the Warren Commission report was accurate. As far as I'm concerned, that was it. Oswald was the one guy that did it, and he had enough skill and enough luck to pull it off successfully."
[Behn's JFK Library Oral History, 2/24/76, p. 7; Behn offered no opinion, one way or another, during his 3 phone conversations with the author on 9/27/92. Behn passed away 4/21/93 ("Washington Post", 4/23/93)]
Sorrels, too?--
"He stated that he had no doubt that the shots came from the area of the TSBD, especially after he heard Chief Curry say, "Get those cars out of here and surround the building.""
[HSCA interview with Sorrels, 3/15/78: RIF# 1801007410392]
and
"As far as I am concerned that's a closed incident."
[Sorrels to Dallas Morning News reporter Earl Golz, 8/20/78 (Golz notes, AARC); "DMN", 8/27/78. Interestingly, in the same article, Golz states that "All but one of Sorrels' six Dallas agents in 1963 submitted reports of their wherabouts the day of the assassination…Elmer Moore, the agent who did not submit a report, said he was in San Francisco and did not return to Dallas to join the investrigation until a week later." However, TWO other agents from the Dallas office, Mike Howard and the late Charles Kunkel (deceased 6/27/92), ALSO did not submit reports. For his part, Howard claimed in a lecture in Feb. 1999 that he was at the Hotel Texas cleaning up when the shooting occurred and that Kunkel was in Washington, D.C on an unspecified investigation at the time. Howard and Kunkel's whereabouts remain unverified. ("Austin American-Statesman", 6/29/92)]
and
"The Warren Report stands."
[Sorrels to Palamara, 1/28/92 & 9/27/92. Sorrels passed away 11/6/93]


SAIC of the Protective Research Section (PRS) Robert I. Bouck:

"Mr. Bouck stated that his personal opinion was that although Lee Harvey Oswald was the assassin, he did feel that there was a conspiracy."
[ARRB interview with Bouck, 5/2/96; see also "High Treason", 1998 edition, page 433. Although Bouck does not offer an opinion on the matter during his JFK Library Oral history, dated 6/25/76, Bouck echoed the above sentiments to the author, among other things, on 9/27/92]


ASAIC (#2) of WHD Floyd M. Boring:

"…I concur 100 % with the Warren Report."
[Boring's JFK Library Oral History, 2/25/76, RELEASED JAN. 1998 via efforts from the author]
"…I would go with the Warren Commission's report."
["Mortal Error" by Bonar Menninger, 1992, page 233]
"…Mr. Boring made clear during the interview that he felt Lee Harvey Oswald had shot President Kennedy acting alone, and that there was no shot from the grassy knoll."
[ARRB interview with Boring, 9/19/96 (MD259). The ARRB interviewed Boring based off the author's persistent efforts. For what it's worth, Boring stated no position on the matter, one way or the other, during his Truman Library Oral History dated 9/21/88, or during his three contacts with the author, 9/22/93, 3/4/94, and 11/22/97]


ASAIC (#3) of WHD Roy H. Kellerman and SA William R. Greer:

"…there have got to be more than three shots, gentleman."
[among other provocative things said to the Warren Commission on 3/9/64: 2 H 78]

"Well…[laughs]…we didn't do any of the shooting. I think they'll be talking about this assassination 100 years from now…[regarding the Warren Report] That's the way I'd keep it."
[Kellerman interviewed on Canada's CFTR radio in 1976, responding to the allegations---from Newcomb & Adams--- that one of the agents from the front seat fired the fatal shot!]

"Enroute to the hospital, Bobby Kennedy said to Kellerman: "…did you hear they caught the fellow who did it." Kellerman said: "Good." Admiral Burkley was virtually sitting on Kellerman's lap, but Kellerman is not certain that Burkley heard Bobby Kennedy's comment." (Also, Kellerman's drawing of the head wounds depicts a large opening on the back of the head, as well as a smaller opening, also on the back of the head.)
[HSCA interviews with Kellerman, 8/24 & 8/25/77]

"She [Kellerman;'s daughter] hopes the day would come when these men [Kellerman & Greer] could say in public what they told their families."
[3/92 letter to the author from Harold Weisberg, recounting a 1970's contact he had with one of Kellerman's two daughters; see also "JFK: The Medical Evidence Reference" by Vince Palamara, 1998, p. 108. Roy Kellerman passed away 3/84 and Bill Greer passed away 2/85. The author also interviewed Greer's son Richard 9/17/91, 10/7/91, and 9/23/92.]

"Roy accepted that there was a conspiracy"/ "I'll accept that."
[June Kellerman, Roy's widow, interviewed by the author 3/2/92 & 9/27/92; see also the Dec. 1994 issue of "Vanity Fair" magazine, p. 88: article by Anthony & Robbyn Summers. This info. was provided to both of them earlier in 1994]

"He was puzzled about the single bullet (399) theory. He could not see how one bullet could have caused both Kennedy and Connally such extensive wounds."
[HSCA interview with Greer, 2/28/78: RIF # 180-10099-10491]


SA Clinton J. Hill (First Lady Detail), rode in follow-up car:

"As I lay over the top of the back seat I noticed a portion of the President's head on the right rear side was missing and he was bleeding profusely. Part of his brain was gone. I saw a part of his skull with hair on it lying in the seat…I observed a wound about six inches down from the neckline on the back just to the right of the spinal column. I observed another wound on the right rear portion of the skull."
[Hill's 11/30/63 report: 18 H 740-745]
"The right rear portion of his head was missing. It was lying in the rear seat of the car. His brain was exposed. There was blood and bits of brain all over the entire rear portion of the car…one large gaping wound in the right rear portion of the head."
[Hill's testimony before the Warren Commission on 3/9/64: 2 H 138-144]
The 1970's---
"There were only 3 shots---one gun, 3 shots."
Interviewer: "Are you satisfied that Lee Harvey Oswald acted alone?"
"Completely."
[Mike Wallace's interview of Clint Hill on "60 Minutes", 12/8/75]
The 1990's---
Clint Hill believes that Lee Harvey Oswald was the lone gunman.
[or so the narrator for the 1995 History Channel program entitled "The Secret Service", Ike Pappas, states. Although Hill is interviewed at length, he does not actually say this on the program, although he did agree to it during Mike Wallace's questioning back in 1975.]


SA Samuel A. Kinney, driver of the follow-up car:

"SA Kinney immediately recognized the first sound as that of gunfire, realizing that it was a "shot from over our right shoulder" which hit the President in the THROAT…"While Jackie was setting him back up, Connally turns right, then left then pow, pow. The SECOND shot" (hit Connally and)"left Connally's back open." "The THIRD shot hit the President…SA Kinney finds the idea of conspiracy plausible…"(emphasis added; no mention of any missed shots, as well)
[HSCA interview with Kinney, 2/26/78: RIF#180-10078-10493]
"Sam told me twice that he saw the back of JFK's head come off immediately when the fatal shot struck the President's head (Kinney was watching Kennedy's head-and the rear bumper of the limousine-as a normal part of his duty to maintain a five-foot distance between the follow-up car and JFK's limo, something he did hundreds of times before). Sam told me "it was the right rear-I saw that part blow out." Kinney added that his windshield and left arm were hit with blood and brain matter immediately after the head shot.

Once at Parkland Hospital, Kinney helped remove the President from the back seat of the limousine along with Clint Hill, Roy Kellerman, and Dave Powers, thereby receiving an extremely vivid, close-up look at the wound on JFK's head. "His brain was blown out," Sam said, " there was nothing left !" I pressed further, to which Sam added: "There was brain matter all over the place...he had no brains left in his head…Kinney believes there was a conspiracy, but that Oswald was the lone shooter…"
[10/19/92, 3/5/94, and 4/15/94 interviews with Vince Palamara (“The Third Alternative-Survivor’s Guilt: The Secret Service and the JFK Murder”, pp. 8-9, 28, 55-56, 78-80,81-82, 110-111). Sam passed away 7/21/97 (letter from Hazel Kinney to author, 11/20/97).]


SA Paul E. Landis, Jr. (First Lady Detail), rode in follow-up car:

"My reaction at this time was that the shot came from somewhere towards the front…"
[Landis' report dated 11/27/63: 18 H 758-759]
""I still was not certain from which direction the second shot came, but my reaction at this time was that the shot came from somewhere towards the front, right-hand side of the road."
[Landis' detailed report dated 11/30/63: 18 H 751-757]


ASAIC of V.P./ LBJ Detail Rufus W. Youngblood, rode in LBJ's car:

Interviewer: "Do you have anything you want to add to that, or any qualifications you want to add to the previous record of events in Dallas?"
"No, I think that it has been very well covered in the Warren Commission and other reports. I have nothing additional."
[Youngblood's LBJ Library Oral History, 12/17/68, p. 24]
"…Do I believe Lee Harvey Oswald, acting alone, killed the President, and do I believe Jack Ruby, acting alone, killed Oswald. My answer is yes. The Warren Commission, in my opinion, accomplished its mission, and dug deep until it reached the truth."
[Youngblood's book "20 Years in the Secret Service", 1973, p. 177]
The 1990's---
"Him [Jim Garrison] and Marguerite Oswald: two nuts!"
[author's interview with Youngblood, 10/22/92. The author also interviewed Youngblood on 2/8/94. Youngblood passed away 10/2/96 ("Pittsburgh Post-Gazette", 10/4/96)]


ATSAIC of V.P./ LBJ Detail Thomas "Lem" Johns, rode in V.P. follow-up car:

"The first two sounded [shots] sounded like they were on the side of me towards the grassy knoll…"
[HSCA interview with Johns, 8/8/78: RIF# 180-10074-10079]
"Newsday" article by Michael Dorman, 2/99:
Lem Johns, a former assistant Secret Service director in charge of all the agency's protective operations, was an agent riding in the Dallas motorcade. "If you get the tie nicked by a different bullet, you've got a second gunman - simple as that," Johns said. "I've never thought that was out of the question."


DNC advance man Jacob L. "Jack" Puterbaugh, rode in pilot car:

"Puterbaugh said he has some doubts about the validity of the Warren Commission's findings, since "the ballistics stuff doesn't add up.""
[Larry Haapanen's interview with Puterbaugh, 9/5/70 (transcript provided to the author)]
The 1990's---
Puterbaugh had no comment to make, one way or another.
[1/3/98 letter to Vince Palamara]


SAIC of Miami Office John A. Marshall:

"Twice during the interview, Mr. Marshall mentioned that, for all he knew, someone in the Secret Service could possibly have been involved in the assassination. This is not the first time an agent has mentioned the possibility that a conspiracy existed, but it is the first time that an agent has acknowledged the possibility that the Secret Service could have been involved."
[HSCA interview with Marshall, 2/22/78: RIF#1801007410393]


SA Abraham Bolden, Chicago Office:
Abe is a firm believer in a conspiracy AND in Secret Service negligence. Also, Abe is adamant that there was a plot to kill JFK in Chicago in early November, 1963. I spoke to Bolden twice and corresponded at length with him between 1993 and the present.
Bolden is currently working on his own book with his wife.


SAIC Maurice G. Martineau:

Abe's boss in the Chicago office (and certainly no friend of Bolden's, as Martineau made clear to the author), Martineau was equally adamant to me that a conspiracy took the life of President Kennedy. He also told me he finds the work of the HSCA much more valid than that of the WC. However, when it comes to info. on the Chicago
plot, Martineau is afraid to give me details to this day.


John Norris:

A member of the uniformed division of the Secret Service, Norris is a fervent believer in a conspiracy, although one gets the impression this is more based on his beliefs than actual knowledge, but I could be mistaken. Still, his views and beliefs are important for obvious reasons [see also "JFK: Breaking The Silence" by Bill Sloan (1993)].


Admiral George G. Burkley:

HSCA [RIF#180-10086-10295]
FROM: RICHARD SPRAGUE
TO: FILE

MEMORANDUM

March 18, 1977

TO : FILE

FROM : RICHARD A. SPRAGUE

William F. Illig, an attorney from Erie, Pa., contacted me in Philadelphia this
date, advising me that he represents Dr. George G. Burkley, Vice Admiral, U.S.
Navy retired, who had been the personal physician for presidents Kennedy and
Johnson.
Mr. Ilig stated that he had a luncheon meeting with his client, Dr. Burkley,
this date to take up some tax matters. Dr. Burkley advised him that although he,
Burkley, had signed the death certificate of President Kennedy in Dallas, he had
never been interviewed and that he has information in the Kennedy assassination
indicating that others besides Oswald must have participated.

Illig advised me that his client is a very quiet, unassuming person, not wanting
any publicity whatsoever, but he, Illig, was calling me with his client's
consent and that his client would talk to me in Washington.

“Reasonable Doubt”, p. 49 (1982 interview by Henry Hurt+letters of 10/6/82 and 10/14/82)---believed that President Kennedy’s assassination was the result of a conspiracy.
According to the 5/31/87 issue of Paul Hoch's newsletter "Echoes of Conspiracy" (vol. 9, No. 1), "Dr. Burkley recently told a relative of his that he did think that Oswald must have been part of a conspiracy, because the way he and his family lived and traveled was indicative of financial support.". Burkley passed away 1/91.


Presidential Aides David F. Powers and Kenneth P. O'Donnell, rode in follow-up car:


7 H 472-474: Affidavit dated 5/18/64---“…the first shot went off…I noticed then that the President moved quite far to his left after the shot from the extreme right hand side where he had been sitting. There was a second shot and Governor Connally disappeared from sight and then there was a third shot which took off the top of the President’s head and had the sickening sound of a grapefruit splattering against the side of a wall. The total time bewteen the first and third shots was about 5 or 6 seconds. My first impression was that the shots came from the right and overhead, but I also had a fleeting impression that the noise appeared to come from the front in the area of the triple overpass. This may have resulted from my feeling, when I looked forward toward the overpass, that we might have ridden into an ambush…"

7/20/87 "Boston Herald"---"we'll never know for sure what happened."

“JFK: The Day The Nation Cried”, 1988---the most detailed (albeit brief) account of the shooting by him on video---does not leave room for a missed shot.

“High Treason”, p. 423 and Groden’s “TKOAP”, p. 205 (refering to O’Neill’s 1987 book “Man of the House”, p.211); “Larry King Live”, 1/20/92 (interview with O’Neill); “Beyond JFK: The Question of Conspiracy” video (1992-O’Neill)---Powers and Kenneth P. O’Donnell told Tip O’Neill that the shots came from the grassy knoll [for his part, O'Donnell said "my reaction in part is reconstruction---is that they came from the right rear."[7 H 468; Powers passed away 3/27/98. O'Donnell passed away 9/9/77.]


Milton T. Wright, Jr., driver of Mayor Cabell's car:

"I don't believe in the conspiracy or more that [sic] one gun theory."
[8/28/98 letter to Vince Palamara]


Evelyn Lincoln:

4/21/91 interview with Harry Livingstone for “High Treason 2”, pp. 435-437---“…I remember coming into Parkland Hospital, and Dr. Burkley telling me that he [JFK] had gone, and Jackie was sitting outside of the place where he was being kept---they were doing the autopsy or whatever they were doing, and I went up to her and tried to console her.”; “I never looked at any of that [the autopsy materials]. Nothing. I kept it, and then Bobby [Kennedy] moved it into another room. It was all sealed up. I never saw any of it…I had no access to it.”; “It was a conspiracy. There was no doubt about that...J. Edgar Hoover was involved in it.”;
“Bloody Treason” by Noel Twyman, p. 831 and
“Assassination Science” by James Fetzer,p. 372: 10/7/94 letter to Richard Duncan---“As for the assassination is concerned [sic] it is my belief that there was a conspiracy because there were those that disliked him and felt the only way to get rid of him was to assassinate him. These five conspirators , in my opinion, were Lyndon B. Johnson, J. Edgar Hoover, the Mafia, the CIA, and the Cubans in Florida. The House Intelligence Committee investigation, also, came to the conclusion that there was a conspiracy.”[Lincoln conveyed the same thoughts to Anthony Summers: see “The Fourth Decade” journal, May 1998 issue, p. 14. Evelyn passsed away 5/11/95]


Advance man Marty Underwood (worked on the planning of JFK's Texas tour - specifically, his proposed stops at Houston and Austin):

In an exclusive interview conducted on 10/9/92, the author obtained the following new information [similar in content to what Underwood told "Evening Magazine" on 11/22/88, his only tv appearance]:

- Underwood became "an honorary Secret Service agent" and served under Presidents Kennedy and Johnson. While with LBJ, he became the "aide in charge of the Secret Service." The advance man confirmed to this author that JFK did not restrict agents from riding on the Presidential limousine. Underwood told Harrison Livingstone: "There were so many things that fell through in Dallas. Any advance man who had any sense at all would never have taken him down that route." When Livingstone commented that the route was changed, Underwood added: "Yeah, I know. You don't take a guy down a route like that."("High Treason 2", by Harry Livingstone, page 442)

- FBI Director J. Edgar Hoover had a file on Underwood and, according to the advance man, Hoover hid the Lee Harvey Oswald file from the Secret Service;

- Underwood stated that the CIA, the FBI, and the mafia "knew (JFK) was going to be hit" on 11/22/63 - this information came from his direct contacts with CIA officer Win Scott, the Mexico City Station Chief during Oswald's visit to that region! In addition, Underwood stated that, eighteen hours before Kennedy's murder, "we were getting all sorts of rumors that the President was going to be assassinated in Dallas; there were no if's, and's, or but's about it." When Underwood told JFK about these disturbing reports, the President merely said, "Marty, you worry about me too much" (indeed, JFK told San Antonio Congressman Henry Gonzalez on 11/21/63: "The Secret Service told me that they have taken care of everything. There's nothing to worry about").

The reason why Underwood opened up to me is best expressed by him: "Everyone who had anything to do with Dallas in any way - Kenny O'Donnell, the Secret Service -they're practically all dead now. I just think people should know the truth."

From ARRB's Final Report, pages 135-136 (see also p.112; as with Floyd Boring, I alerted the ARRB's Tom Samoluk in early 1996 to Underwood, even sending him Underwood's only tv appearance on video, "Evening Magazine" dated 11/22/88 mentioned above]:
"Martin Underwood, a former advance man for Presidents Kennedy and Johnson, was a member of President
Kennedy's advance team in Texas

in November 1963. A researcher [GUS RUSSO]who worked with Seymour Hersh on his book, The Dark Side of Camelot, told
the Review Board that Underwood claimed that President Johnson sent Underwood to Mexico City in 1966 or
1967 to see what he could learn about the Kennedy assassination. Underwood allegedly met with Win Scott,
former CIA Chief of Station in Mexico City.

The researcher [GUS RUSSO]provided the Review Board with copies of handwritten notes, on White House stationery,
ostensibly prepared by Underwood and documenting his meeting with Scott. The notes state that Scott told
Underwood that the CIA "blew it" in Dallas in November 1963. On the morning of November 22, the agency
knew that a plane had arrived in Mexico City from Havana, and that one passenger got off the plane and boarded
another one headed for Dallas. Underwood's notes state that Scott said that CIA identified the passenger as
Fabian Escalante.

The researcher [GUS RUSSO]also stated that someone instructed Underwood to follow Judith Campbell Exner on her 1960 train
trip from Washington, D.C., to Chicago, during which she was alleged to have carried money between Senator
Kennedy (the Democratic Party nominee) and organized crime boss Sam Giancana.

The Review Board staff informally interviewed Underwood. Underwood confirmed that he traveled to Mexico
City in 1966, but said that he went to advance President Johnson's trip and not to look into circumstances
surrounding President Kennedy's assassination. While in Mexico City, Underwood met with Scott concerning the
details of President Johnson's trip. During Underwood's meeting with Scott, he said they did discuss President
Kennedy's assassination and that Scott told him the story that the researcher relayed to the Review Board.

When Review Board staff asked Underwood about any notes he may have taken, he initially claimed to have no
memory of any notes. Upon viewing copies of the notes that the researcher [GUS RUSSO] provided to the Review Board,
Underwood said that he had written the notes in 1992 or 1993 for a researcher [GUS RUSSO]to use for Hersh's book.
Underwood explained that the notes are on White House stationery because he has a lot of extra White House
stationery left over from his work with President Johnson.

Underwood could not remember whether he had contemporaneous notes from his meeting with Scott. He also
denied that he followed Judith Campbell Exner on a train and that he had no knowledge about her alleged role as a
courier.

After the informal interview, Underwood forwarded to the Review Board a set of typed notes from his 1966 trip
to Mexico City and his meeting with Scott. The typed notes documented Underwood's activities in Mexico City
and briefly mentioned his meeting with Scott. The notes do not mention Underwood's conversation with Scott
about the Kennedy assassination. Instead, the notes state that Underwood sought Scott's assistance in staging a
big welcome for President Johnson. The Review Board subsequently requested Underwood to testify under oath,
but due to health problems, he was not available. Underwood's notes now are part of the JFK Collection."


Vince Palamara
2/15/99

7:01 AM  
Blogger Vince Palamara said...

New material available for the first time in “Survivor’s Guilt: The Secret Service & The Failure To Protect The President” by Vincent Michael Palamara---

1) The primary, first-hand accounts of over 70 former Secret Service agents, White House aides, and family members, many of whom have never spoken publicly before. No other author or government investigative body has successfully interviewed and contacted as many of these men as has author Palamara. No other book has ever examined the conduct of the Secret Service in such voluminous and authoritative detail.
2) The long-standing and wide-reaching myth that President Kennedy was difficult to protect and somehow, directly or indirectly, made his own tragic death easier for an assassin or assassins is exploded for the first time in devastating and authoritative detail.
3) The fraudulent notion that JFK had ordered the agents off the rear of his limousine in Dallas is conclusively debunked. Agents on or near the rear of JFK’s car would have thwarted his death.
4) The popular and widespread myth that President Kennedy personally ordered the bubbletop off his limousine in Dallas is likewise shown to be a convenient exaggeration. An impossible multiplicity of responsibility is painstakingly demonstrated, as are multiple options involving the bubbletop that were not used in Dallas.
5) The premature approval of Kennedy’s speech site in Dallas by members of the Secret Service, over other options, which determined the type of security used for the site, the choice of the route used to get to the destination, and even the speed of JFK’s limousine, is detailed in full.
6) Despite the rabid, right-wing environment in Dallas, it is shown that there were allegedly no threats found by the agency in this troubled city, a seeming impossibility. Like the choice of speech site, this situation likewise determined the level of security---or lack thereof---used for JFK’s mortal trip to the Big D.
7) For the first time ever, an exhaustive account of all the recent prior threats to Kennedy’s life just before the President’s journey to Texas is revealed.
8) Another major discovery by the author is the covert monitor of mortal threats to JFK’s life for the New York, Florida, and Texas trips---the last three major Presidential forays---by two members of the Secret Service’s Protective Research Section. Also, a little-known military intelligence presence is shown to have existed in Dallas on November 22, 1963, yet another probable covert monitor of mortal threats to the President that was covered up after the assassination. Finally, the presence of a CIA agent at the hospital the dying President was taken to is revealed.
9) The presence of unauthorized Secret Service agents in Dealey Plaza, the site of the assassination, is exhaustively documented in devastating detail. Likewise, the media’s reporting of the death of a Secret Service agent the day of the assassination is painstakingly examined. Finally, the untimely death of a Secret Service agent shortly before the Texas trip is revealed in context.
10) The alarming and shocking behavior of perhaps the most important agent connected to the Dallas trip, JFK’s driver, is explored in unprecedented detail.
11) The lack of proper local police and military involvement will be shown to be Secret Service responsibilities and, ultimately, failures. In addition, the strange omission of key members of the Secret Service is duly noted.
12) It is shown that overpasses, buildings, windows, and rooftops were not properly monitored, due to Secret Service negligence (or worse). In addition, the strange conduct of local police and the agents themselves is also noted, along with the ramifications of this behavior. An unprecedented agent-by-agent examination is scrupulously documented with disturbing results.
13) Evidence that the fateful motorcade route Kennedy rode in Dallas was changed at the eleventh hour by the Secret Service is detailed in full. Also, like the speech site, it is conclusively documented that other options---and alternate routes---were available and not used that fatal day in Dallas.
14) The Dallas police plan to use many flanking motorcycles, used to shield the President during the motorcade, was changed shortly before the assassination by the Secret Service. Also, the press and photographers, Kennedy’s personal physician, military aides, and several important vehicles were moved from their normal positions close to JFK at the last minute, again by the Secret Service.
15) It is amply demonstrated by the author that President Kennedy was actually very personable and friendly with the Secret Service and did not interfere with their actions at all. In addition, JFK’s oft-noted obsession with death will be shown to be a byproduct of his knowledge of threats to his life just before Dallas.
16) Evidence of covert security tests and studies, as well as the destruction and altering of crucial documents, evidence, and testimony, is revealed. Also, disturbing FBI-Secret Service fueding is noted in context.
17) A mountain of lies and bureaucratic cover-up is duly noted, along with the ramifications of these falsehoods for the subsequent investigations into the assassination, the conduct of the Secret Service itself, and, ultimately, the writing of accurate history.
18) Disturbing sentiments regarding President Kennedy on the part of several key Secret Service agents is revealed, as well as the justifiable feelings of guilt and responsibility for the President’s death by others. In addition, the suprising conspiratorial beliefs of several former agents are chronicled.
19) Gross negligence and, in some instances, seeming culpability on the part of members of the Secret Service, sworn to protect the life of John F. Kennedy, is detailed with many disturbing ramifications revealed.
20) Whether one views the assassination as the work of a lone unaided assassin---Lee Harvey Oswald---OR the work of a deadly secret cabal, the powerful information in “Survivor’s Guilt” holds up in any case. In fact, it is conclusively demonstrated that, regardless of who or what was ultimately behind the assassination, it was the agents of the Secret Service who bear the heavy burden for President Kennedy’s tragic and untimely murder.
THIS AND SO MUCH MORE REVEALED FOR THE FIRST TIME IN “SURVIVOR’S GUILT: THE SECRET SERVICE & THE FAILURE TO PROTECT THE PRESIDENT” BY VINCENT MICHAEL PALAMARA!

7:03 AM  
Blogger Vince Palamara said...

contacts (successful and otherwise)
1) Sam Kinney: 10/19/92 call, 3/5/94 call (cd), 4/15/94 call (cd), 11/20/97 letter from wife Hazel; deceased 7/21/97
2) Maurice Martineau: 9/21/93 call, 6/7/96 call, 11/23/97 letter; e-mail from son Walt 9/04
3) Mrs. Emory (Betty) Roberts, wife of the late Emory Roberts (deceased 1973): mailed letter with s.a.s.e 11/17/97-???
4) Eve Dempsher: 11/19/97 letter
5) Family of the late Bert DeFreese: mailed letter with s.a.s.e 11/17/97-???
6) Gerald Behn: 3 calls on 9/27/92 (part on cd); Mrs. Jean Behn: 11/18/95 call + 11/28/97 letter; daughter Sandra Lee Kane: 8/8/95 call; e-mail from Neighbor 2000; deceased 4/21/93
7) Bob Lilley: 9/27/92 call, 9/21/93 call, 6/7/96 call, mailed letter with s.a.s.e 11/17/97-???, 3/29/04 letter
8) Mac Kilduff: mailed letter with s.a.s.e 11/17/97-???, mailed Post Gazette article 1/31/98-???
9) Paul Landis: mailed letter with s.a.s.e 11/17/97-???, via Annie Stromberg: 4/6/99 e-mail, mailed letter 1/17/04-???, called-left 2 messages 2/7/04-???
10) Larry Newman: mailed letter with s.a.s.e 11/17/97-???, 2/2/04 letter, 2/7/04 call, he called 2/12/04
11) Gerard McCann: mailed letter with s.a.s.e 11/17/97-???
12) John Campion-friend with same name: 11/20/97 letter [Campion deceased]
13) Bob Faison: mailed letter with s.a.s.e 11/17/97-???
14) Alwyn Dickerson: mailed letter with s.a.s.e 11/17/97-???
15) Mrs. Roy (June) Kellerman (deceased 3/22/84): 3/2/92 call, 9/27/92 call, 12/2/97 letter+ info. Re: one of his 2 daughter’s via Harold Weisberg letter 3/5/92
16) Gaspard d’Andelot Belin: 11/21/97 letter; deceased 4/15/03
17) Robert Jamison: mailed letter with s.a.s.e 11/17/97-???
18) Bill Livingood: 11/92 call, 11/19/97 letter, mailed letter 2/13/04-???+ info. Via Gary Rowell 11/91
19) Michael Torina: 12/5/97 letter, 2/23/04 letter
20) Gerald Bechtle: 12/17/97 letter+ son-6/29/01 e-mail & 11/03 e-mail
21) Jack Puterbaugh: 1/3/98 letter, mailed Post Gazette article 1/31/98-???
22) Jerry Bruno: mailed letter 11/17/97-???, mailed Post Gazette article 1/31/98-???
23) Talmadge Bailey: mailed letter 1/8/04-???, 2/7/04 call
24) Frank Stoner: 1/10/04 letter, he called 1/17/04, he left message 1/18/04, 1/21/04 letter, 1/04-2/04 e-mails, 2/15/04 book & letter, 2/28/04 packages, 3/1/04 e-mail, 12/2/04 e-mail from Elaine, e-mailed 4/25/05-??? [stroke]
25) Ronald Pontius: 10/00 e-mail
26) Vincent Mroz: mailed letter 1/17/04-???, 2/7/04 call
27) Gerald Blaine: mailed letter 1/18/04-???, 2/7/04 call, mailed letter 4/25/05-???, 6/10/05 call, 6/05-7/05 e-mails
28) Adrian Vial: mailed letter 1/25/04-???
29) Nemo Ciochina: mailed letter 1/25/04-???
30) Gene Wofford: mailed letter 1/25/04-???
31) Dar Horn: 1/30/04 e-mail, 1/30/04-2/04 e-mails, 2/21/04 book, 2/04-3/04 e-mails, sent e-mail 12/1/04-???, 4/05-5/05 e-mails, sent e-mail with pics 7/8/05-???
32) George Sershen: mailed letter 1/31/04-???
33) Sal Mazucca: mailed letter 2/3/04-???
34) Marty Underwood: 10/9/92 call, mailed letter with s.a.s.e 11/17/97-??? (talked to son); deceased 3/18/03
35) Kent Biffle: 8/17/99 e-mail
36) John Joe Howlett: 11/26/97 letter, mailed letter 2/13/04-???
37) Bob Powis: mailed letter with s.a.s.e 11/17/97-???
38) Vincent Gullo: 8/27/98 letter, follow-up letter-???
39) Floyd Boring: 9/22/93 call, 3/4/94 call (cd), 11/22/97 letter, mailed letter 2/14/04-??? [stroke, early 1990’s]
40) Bobbie Jacks, wife of the late Hurchel Jacks: 8/31/98 letter
41) Bob Bouck: 9/27/92 call, mailed letter with s.a.s.e 11/17/97-???; deceased 2004
42) Aubrey Rike; 11/22/97 video
43) John Norris: 3/4/94 call, mailed letter with s.a.s.e 11/18/97-???; deceased 4/30/03
44) Jack Moseley: 12/18/03 e-mail
45) Rex Scouten: 5/28/98 letter, 9/98 letter
46) Carl Renas: mailed letter with s.a.s.e 12/1/97-???, mailed Post Gazette article 2/2/98-???
47) Tony Zappone: 12/18/03 call, 12/03 e-mails
48) Jerry Kivett: 12/8/97 letter, 2/7/04 call, 2/18/04 letter, 2/28/04 letter
49) Terry Samway (via Bechtle!): 1/16/98 letter
50) Don Lawton: 11/15/95 call (cd), 11/22/97 letter, mailed letter 2/14/04-???
51) Chuck Zboril+wife: 11/15/95 call (cd), mailed video with papers 11/27/95-???
52) Mike Sampson: mailed letter 1/22/04-???, 3 2005 e-mails-???, left phone message 6/10/05
53) Jacques Tangy, friend & executor of the late Andy Hutch: 7/27/96 letter, mailed letter 8/1/96-???
54) Ken Giannoules: mailed letter 7/22/96-???, mailed letter with s.a.s.e 11/17/97-???, 2/11/04 call
55) Milton Wright: 8/98 letter, 9/3/98 e-mail
56) Jerry Parr: 11/18/95 call, mailed letter 1/17/04-???
57) Family of the late Henry Rybka: mailed letter 7/22/96-???
58) Cecil Stoughton: 12/2/95 letter, 11/20/97 letter, mailed Post Gazette article 1/31/98-???
59) Abe Bolden: 9/16/93 call, 4/10/94 call; 9/93, 10/93, 12/93, 8/94: correspondence; received court documents 1/3/97; mailed video 1/27/97-???, mailed video 4/14/97-???, mailed Post Gazette article1/31/98-???, 8/8/03 call, 7/04-9/04 e-mails, Spring/Summer 2005 e-mails (contacted son via e-mail-???)
60) George Whitmeyer, Jr, son of the late George Whitmeyer Sr: 9/28/98 letter
61) Chuck Vance: mailed letter 2/23/96-???
62) Sam Bellah: 9/98 letter with article, 3/20/04 letter
63) Marrion Baker; 10/98 letter
64) Stavis Ellis: 9/8/98 letter, mailed letter 2/14/04-???; deceased 2005
65) Thomas “Lem” Johns: mailed letter with s.a.s.e 9/21/98-???, 2/11/04 call
66) Henry Burroughs: 10/14/98 letter; deceased
67) Frank Yeager: 12/29/03 letter, 1/24/04 letter
68) Sam Gibbons: 1/15/04 letter
69) Frank Slocum: 1/16/04 letter
70) James Mastrovito: mailed letter 1/7/04-???, spoke to wife 2/7/04
71) Ernest Olsson: mailed letter 1/8/04-???, 2/7/04 call
72) Winston Lawson: 9/27/92 call, called-spoke to wife 1996, 1/12/04 letter, 1/20/04 letter, 1/31/04 letter, 2/17/04 letter, mailed letter 2/24/04-??? [stroke]
73) Jerry O’Rourke: 1/15/04 letter, mailed letter 1/22/04-???, 2/11/04 call, called-left message 6/13/05, 6/05-7/05 e-mails
74) William “Tim” McIntyre: mailed letter 2/24/04-???, 6/13/05 call
75) Walt Coughlin: 1/15/04 letter, 2/21/04 letter, many e-mails 2004/2005
76) Rad Jones: 1/16/04 letter
77) Paul Rundle: mailed letter 1/8/04-???, called-spoke to wife 2/7/04, 3/6/04 e-mail
78) Tom Wells: mailed letter 1/8/04-???
79) Gerald Patrick Hemming: 2/10/92 call, 9/23/92 call
80) Earl Drescher: 2/20/04 letter
81) Sam Sulliman: 2/11/04 call
82) Winston Gintz: 2/11/04 call
83) Harry Anheier, Jr, son of the late Harry Anheier, Sr: 2/11/04 call
84) William Duncan: e-mail-???
85) Tom Heuerman: 2/12/04 e-mail
86) Tony Sherman: 2/19/04 letter, mailed 2 letters 2/24/04-???, called-left message with wife 6/13/05
87) Lynn E. Meredith: e-mail-???
88) Roy Nunn: e-mail-???
89) Stanley Galup: 2/20/04 letter
90) Milton Scheuerman: mailed letter 2/13/04-???
91) John Simpson: mailed letter 2/13/04-???
92) Joe Paolella: 7/22/99 e-mail, 3/24/04 letter
93) Richard Johnsen: 9/29/92 call, mailed letter 2/14/04-???
94) Dale Keaner: mailed letter 2/24/04-???, 6/13/05 call
95) Toby Chandler: mailed letter 2/24/04-???, attempted to call 6/13/05
96) Kent Jordan: mailed letter 2/24/04-???, 6/13/05 call
97) John Ready: mailed letter 2/24/04-???, 6/13/05 call
98) Donald Bendickson: mailed letter 2/24/04-???, attempted to call 6/13/05
99) George Weisheit: mailed letter 2/24/04-???
100) Ed Morey: mailed letter 2/24/04-???, 6/13/05 call
101) Bob Burke: mailed letter 2/25/04-???, called-left message 6/13/05
102) Robert Melchiori: mailed letter 2/26/04-???
103) Bob Lockwood: mailed letter 2/26/04-???
104) John Giuffre: mailed letter 2/27/04-???
105) Charles Marass: 3/25/04 letter
106) Jim Goodenough: 3/16/04 letter with LBJ pass
107) Lynn S. Meredith: 3/9/04 letter, 5/22/05 letter
108) Bob Snow: 3/9/04 letter; e-mails: 3/12/04, 12/2/04, 12/8/04, 12/9/04, 12/10/04, 12/20/04, 4/28/05 (2), sent e-mail with pics 7/8/05-???
109) Art Godfrey: 5/30/96 call, 6/7/96 call, 11/24/97 letter; deceased 5/12/02
110) John Powers: mailed letter 2/29/04-???
111) William McCord: 3/12/04 letter
112) Bob DeProspero: mailed letter with pic 12/2/04-???, mailed letter with s.a.s.e. 1/6/05-???
113) Clint Hill: mailed certified/ return receipt 22-page letter with s.a.s.e 6/2/05---received signed receipt 6/8/05, 6/13/05 call [stroke]
114) George Rogers: 6/14/05 e-mail, 7/15/05 e-mail
115) Mark Harmon: 9/9/05 e-mail, e-mailed back same day-???
116) Victor Gonzalez: e-mailed 9/29/05 & 10/04/05-???
117) Mrs. Bill Greer (deceased 1985): mailed letter with s.a.s.e. 3/23/98-???
118) AFAUSSS/ Don Stebbins: 2/27/04 letter, 6/6/05 letter
119) Ham Brown: 9/30/92 call
120) Richard Greer, son of the late William Greer (deceased 2/23/85): 9/17/91 call, 10/7/91 audio tape (cd), 9/23/92 call
121) Mark Crouch re: the late James Fox (Fox deceased 1987): 1/28/92 call, 9/23/92 call
122) Stu Knight: 10/22/92 call, 2/8/94 call
123) Rufus Youngblood: 10/22/92 call, 2/8/94 call; deceased 10/2/96
124) James Rowley: 9/27/92 call; deceased 11/1/92
125) Robert Steuart: 10/22/92 call, 9/21/93 call
126) Dave Powers: 9/10/93 letter; deceased 1998
127) Dale Wunderlich: 10/9/99 e-mail
128) Ken Wiesman: 10/00 e-mail
129) Forrest Sorrels: 1/28/92 call, 9/27/92 call; deceased 11/6/93

DECEASED/ ILL##:
1) Howard Anderson
2) William Bacherman
3) U.E. Baughman-11/78
4) Glen Bennett-4/4/94
5) Andy Berger-##Altzheimer’s
6) Walter Blaschak
7) John Campion
8) Russell “Buck” Daniels
9) Lubert “Bert” defreese
10) Jerry Dolan-8/9/93
11) Paul Doster-1987
12) Edith Duncan
13) Deeter B. “Dick” Flohr-2/24/96
14) Morgan Gies
15) Jim Griffith
16) Dennis Halterman-1988
17) Ned Hall II-8/11/98
18) Harvey Henderson-1/94
19) George Hickey
20) Jack Holtzhauer-10/19/98
21) Andy Hutch-1991
22) Jim Jeffries##-Altzheimer’s
23) John Paul Jones-2004
24) Brooks Keller
25) Thomas Kelley
26) Clrence Knetsch
27) Jackson Krill-1/20/00
28) Elmer Lawrence
29) J. Leroy Lewis
30) “Muggsy” O’Leary
31) Jack Parker
32) Paul Paterni-2/84
33) Bill Payne
34) Burrill Peterson-11/6/95
35) Walter Pine
36) Emory Roberts-10/8/73
37) Wade Rodham-1983
38) Henry Rybka-12/25/75
39) Tom Shipman-10/14/63
40) Stu Stout-12/74
41) Bob Taylor-early 1980’s
42) Elliot Thacker
43) Edgar Wildy
44) Walter Young-1996

7:04 AM  
Blogger Vince Palamara said...

(small excerpt from my book)

Office 1-16: Presidential and Vice Presidential WHITE HOUSE DETAIL+PROTECTIVE RESEARCH SECTION (PRS) AGENTS*: (A-Z, in alphabetical order)
*Unless otherwise indicated
1) Howard S. Anderson- (SAIC of Personnel; became the director of training at the Training Division in the summer of 1967; took part in first formal Secret Service agent training held in Washington D.C. 10/19-11/6/53 as an instructor; instructor at Secret Service School #4, 1/10-2/4/55; WHD: FDR era; had been an assistant supervising agent during the Truman years; Member of Inauguration Detail for JFK, 1/20/61; a charter member of the AFAUSSS in 1969; attended third annual AFAUSS conference in Alexandria, VA, 9/27-9/28/74; pictured on pages 36 & 57 of AFAUSSS book from 1991; deceased)
2) William J. “Bill” Bacherman (WHD: 11/10/63 to at least 11/23/63 [shift reports; also listed as “Backerman” several times]; sent letter to HSCA’s Blakey [4/11/78]; deceased)
3) Urbanus "U.E." Baughman (Chief, 1948-Sept. 1961; began his Service career 12/27/27 as a stenographer in the Philadelphia office, during FDR era was commissioned as an agent in 1934, in May of 1941 became ASAIC of New York District followed by SAIC of Newark District, in 1945 became SAIC of Washington, D.C. field office, was on Margaret Truman's White House detail when she was in New York, in 1947 or 1948 was SAIC of the New York District before being made Chief on 11/29/48 and remained Chief until JFK era when he retired in 9/61; took part in Secret Service School #4, 1/10-2/4/55; his book "Secret Service Chief" [1962/1963]; wrote the forward to Bowen & Neal's 1960 book "The United States Secret Service"; credited in Robert Donovan's "The Assassins"; appears in the film "The Making of the President 1960"; Member of Inauguration Detail for JFK, 1/20/61 [lead car]; a charter member of the AFAUSSS in 1969; attended AFAUSS conference in 1973; Walter Pine: brother-in-law; Darwin Horn wrote the author on 2/28/04: “Baughman was OK...from the old school, of course. He always wanted us to wear hats. Can you imagine wearing a hat and arresting a counterfeiter or wearing one when you worked the follow-up?”; deceased November 1978)
4) Gerald W. Bechtle (V.P. LBJ Detail; after assassination, assigned to guarding Lady Bird with Kivett and Woody Taylor; Reagan era: Asst. Dir. of Protective Operations [see also 16 H 950-951]; now head of security for the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System; married with 3 sons)
5) SAIC Gerald A. Behn (in Secret Service 9/39-1/67; attended MSU; assigned to Detroit, MI office, then WFO; attended Treasury School in NYC; assigned to WHD in 1941; took part in third Secret Service school held in Nov. and Dec. of 1954 as an instructor; Member of Inauguration Detail for JFK, 1/20/61; became SAIC in Sept. 1961; 1/65: became SAIC of Special Investigations; worked for the Post Office for four years after retiring from Secret Service [boss: JFK aide Bill Hartigan]; a charter member of the AFAUSSS in 1969; attended third annual AFAUSS conference in Alexandria, VA, 9/27-9/28/74; interviewed by the FBI [11/27/63], the JFK Library [2/24/76], and the HSCA [1/30/78 and in Executive Session 3/15/78]; interviewed for Manchester's book "The Death of a President" 12/18/64; Jim Bishop (?), short comment in "Mortal Error" 1992; interviewed for “The Arrogance of Power: The Secret World of Richard Nixon” by Anthony Summers ; pictured in AFAUSSS book from 1991; pictured in Darwin Horn’s book; deceased 4/21/93; wife- Jean Brownell Behn; two daughters- Sandra Lee Kane of Springfield and Barbara Jean Shipley of Vienna; 4 grandchildren)
6) Donald Bendickson (V.P. LBJ Detail [see also 16 H 950-951]; interviewed for Venker's 1988 book: p. 144)
7) Glen A. Bennett (born 7/12/28; 1978, Intelligence Div.; joined the Secret Service on 10/5/59; started in Cleveland, OH office; then went to PRS; Member of Inauguration Detail for JFK, 1/20/61; interviewed by HSCA [1/30/78; also: 12/29/76 letter from Glenn Bennett to HSCA Robert Blakey re: agent’s whereabouts/ addresses; 11/16/77: outside contact report]; pictured in AFAUSSS book from 1991; deceased 4/4/94)

8) Andrew E. Berger (1978, SAIC Baltimore, MD; interviewed by HSCA [5/22/78]; wife’s name: Catherine Frances "Dolly" Ferguson Berger)
9) Gerald S. Blaine (started in the Denver office; Member of Inauguration Detail for JFK, 1/20/61; WHD: Ike to LBJ/ 1964; left to work for IBM: became director of security; interviewed for Manchester's book "The Death of a President" 5/12/65; a charter member of the AFAUSSS in 1969; pictured on page 79 of AFAUSSS book from 1991; now the Director of International Security Company for ARCO International Oil & Gas [like Burke, Blaine is part of The Overseas Security Advisory Council and the U.S. Department of State])
10) Walter Blaschak (WHD Clerk, at least Ike to early JFK eras; Member of Inauguration Detail for JFK, 1/20/61; pictured on page 67 of the AFAUSSS book from 1991; Darwin Horn wrote the author on 3/2/04: “He was very good. He and Rowley were good friends. He was from the PA area.”; deceased)



11) Abraham Wendell Bolden, Sr. (temporary assignment in June 1961---first African-American on WHD [also 1rst African-American agent Pinkerton Detective Agency]; entered the Service in Oct. 1960 [1959?]; separated in May 1964; "Washington News" & "San Francisco Chronicle" 5/21/64; "NY Times" 12/6/67; "Ramparts" magazine Jan. 1968, pp. 67-68; "National Tattler" 7/5/70; a source for the 1975 "Chicago Independent" article; interviewed by Mark Lane ["Rush To Judgment", p. 275; "A Citizen's Dissent", p. 193], as well as Bud Fensterwald [AARC file] and Ian Calder ["Nashville Enquirer" 5/25/68]; interviewed by the HSCA [1/19/78])

12) ASAIC Floyd M. Boring (spent approx. 5 years in the Pennsylvania State Police; joined the Secret Service 11/9/43; first assignment was NY with FDR Jr. and the kids; moved on to PRS; joined the WHD 3/1/44; Member of Inauguration Detail for JFK, 1/20/61 [follow-up car]; retired in March 1967; worked security for the United Nations for a while, then went to work for Milton Kayle; worked for G. Ross Perot for a time; went to work security for Motown Records: retired from that around 1987; founded the Association of Former Agents of the Secret Service in 1969; attended AFAUSS conference in 1973: received plaque; attended third annual AFAUSS conference in Alexandria, VA, 9/27-9/28/74 interviewed for Baughman's book "Secret Service Chief", pp. 68-69; interviewed by the JFK Library [2/25/76; not released until 1/98], the Truman Library [9/21/88], and the ARRB [9/18/96; see also 2 H 90, 105, 107, 111, 136-137; 4 H 342; 5 H 67; 25 H 774-777]; "Truman" 1992; short comment in "Mortal Error" 1992; "Inside The Secret Service" video 1995; "Truman" PBS 1997 w/ Rex Scouten; “Inside The U.S. Secret Service” documentary 2004; pictured in AFAUSSS book from 1991; pictured on the cover of Darwin Horn’s book; wife’s name: Ruth)
13) Robert Inman Bouck (SAIC of PRS until 1967; retired in 1968; joined Service in 1939; WFO personnel officer; 1952-1957: in charge of all Treas. law enforcement training—examples: took part in first formal Secret Service agent training held in Washington D.C. 10/19-11/6/53 as an instructor, Director of Secret Service School #4, 1/10-2/4/55, the SAIC Administration School in 1955, the SAIC Administration School in April 1956; June 1957: became head of PRS; Member of Inauguration Detail for JFK, 1/20/61, as head of PRS; a charter member of the AFAUSSS in 1969; attended third annual AFAUSS conference in Alexandria, VA, 9/27-9/28/74; interviewed by the Warren Commission [4/23/64], the JFK Library [6/25/76], the HSCA [8/30/77, 11/4/77: outside contact report, 11/10/77, 11/11/77: outside contact report, 11/16/77: executive session, 4/18/78: outside contact report, 5/2/78: outside contact report, 8/18/78: outside contact report], 11/16/91 interview for "High Treason 2", Seymour Hersh 12/95, and the ARRB [5/2/96]; pictured on pages 57, 62 & 63 of AFAUSSS book from 1991; "The Secret White House Tapes" A&E 3/97; wife’s name: Marjorie); deceased
14) Percy Hamilton "Ham" Brown (assigned to Hyannis port/ Joseph P. Kennedy's detail; member of Transportation Section, LBJ era; in Service up to Reagan era; former Executive Sec. of the Former Agents of the Secret Service Assoc.; Don Stebbins, the current Exec. Sec. of the AFAUSSS, wrote the author on 2/27/04: “Mr. Brown was with the Secret Service for 26 years and served in several field offices and on several Presidential Protection Details”; pictured on pages 85 & 95 of AFAUSSS book from 1991; short comment in "Mortal Error" 1992; "Case Closed" 1993, p. 503; "Star" 6/28/94 re: Jack Walsh; ABC 1/28/98; "Dateline" 3/98; interviewed for “Just Jackie: Her Private Years” by Edward Klein, Ballantine Books, 1999)
15) Robert R. Burke (on V.P. Humphrey's detail 1967; Carter era: Asst. Dir. for Training then Asst. Dir. for Protective Intelligence; Reagan era: Acting Asst. Dir. of Investigations and Asst. Dir. of PRS in 1981; now head of security for OSAC and the Director of Corporate Service and Security for the Monsanto Company [testified on C-Span Sept. 3, 1997]; also mentioned on AF1 tapes 11/22/63 w/ Payne; mentioned in Youngblood's book; pictured on page 84 of AFAUSSS book from 1991; see also 3 HSCA 400; outside contact report w/ HSCA, 9/22/78)
16) Paul A. Burns (became SAIC of former Pres. Truman's Detail in 1965; pictured on page 79 of AFAUSSS book from 1991)
17) John E. Campion (ASAIC [see 3 HSCA 400], then Aide to the Assistant Chief for Security [report on bubbletop, CD 3 Exhibits]; around since the FDR days; Member of Inauguration Detail for JFK, 1/20/61; worked on advance preparations during the early part of the JFK admin.;mentioned on p. 19 of Youngblood's book and in Boring's JFK Library Oral History, as well as p. 171 of Baughman's book; picture inGallagher's book; pictured on page 70 of AFAUSSS book from 1991; Darwin Horn wrote the author on 2/27/04: “I had wanted to be on his shift in August 1954 when I was assigned to the WHD but they put me on Gerry McCann’s shift instead. John was a very straight line arrow and easy to work with. His reputation was extremely good. You work well and you would have no problem with John”; deceased)
18) Toby J. Chandler (Member of Inauguration Detail for JFK, 1/20/61; Secret Service school in Washington, D.C., [since at least] 11/1/63, 11/4/63-11/8/63, 11/12/63-11/15/63, 11/18/63-11/22/63; 11/2/63, 11/3/63, 11/9/63, 11/16/63, 11/17/63: “DO”; 11/23/63: on duty, LBJ’s home [Secret Service shift reports])
19) George Chaney (1961) ([3 HSCA 400] Member of Inauguration Detail for JFK, 1/20/61)
20) J. Walter Coughlin (Coughlin wrote to the author on 2/29/04, detailing his entire Secret Service career: “2-61 thru 3-77 - Charleston, W.Va. - Counterfeit Detail NYC - White House - 6-62 - 12-64- VP Detail 12-64 to 1-69 - ASAIC Louisville, Ky. - SAIC Omaha, Neb - SAIC Dallas - transferred to Foreign Dig [nitary Division], D.C., to process out of SS for medical retirement ([due to] ulcers).” Coughlin added on 4/28/05: “I went to the WH in June of '62 and lived in various apts. More concerned about social activities that nearness to WH. Married in '65 and bought a house in Rockville,Md. 2 children Brendan 38 w/3 small boys - successful businessman in Dallas - Kelly 36 (Bennett) mother of boy and girl - stay at home mom in Dallas. Wife Ann born and raised in NW D.C. (Georgetown) 40th anniversary this June 26 [2005]”
Oral History, Texas A & M University Library, 4/19/86; now president of J. Walter Coughlin & Associates, an international security consulting firm, headquartered in Dallas, Texas; pictured on pages 88, 91, & 92 of the AFAUSSS book from 1991)
21) Russell "Buck" Daniels (joined the Service in 1929 as stenographer in the Kansas City office; Inspector [1954]; Deputy Chief [1957]: discharged 1/31/61, replaced by Paterni; took part in the SAIC Administration School in April 1956; a charter member of the AFAUSSS in 1969; Darwin Horn wrote the author on 2/28/04: “Daniels was a real gentleman ...a fine person. I didn't interact with him very often”; pictured on pages 63 & 69 of AFAUSSS book from 1991; deceased)
22) William C. Davis (garage; Special Officer designation; former agent Darwin Horn wrote the author on 2/25/04: “Davis was from the Carolinas and worked the WHD for awhile. He never brought much attention to himself. I believe that he worked in the Charlotte Office.”)
23) Lubert F. "Bert" DeFreese (born 10/25/25; married with one daughter; 1978, ATSAIC, WFO; started in agency in Chicago office on 10/8/56, remaining until 1958 when he was transferred to the WFO; member of the WHD; had been on Ike's "grandkiddie" detail along with Max Phillips---"Secret Service Chief", p. 140; Member of Inauguration Detail for JFK, 1/20/61; interviewed by HSCA [2/2/78]; deceased); Walt Coughlin wrote the author on 5/6/05: “Bert was very quiet and reserve[d]. Very professional. Hard to get close to.”
24) Eve B. Dempsher (secretary; attended third annual AFAUSS conference in Alexandria, VA, 9/27-9/28/74)
25) Jerry Dolan (in Secret Service 1961-1964; guarded Jackie and the kids up to April 1964; joined the St. Paul MN police afterwards; "St. Paul Pioneer Press Dispatch" 11/20/88 and 8/13/93; deceased 8/9/93; wife’s name: Josephine)
26) Paul B. Doster (WHD: Truman to early JFK; took part in Secret Service School #4, 1/10-2/4/55; Member of Inauguration Detail for JFK, 1/20/61; SAIC of Nashville office early in JFK's term; "Nashville Banner" 5/18/63 re: JFK's trip [inc. captioned photo]; Paul's widow interviewed for same paper 1/23/92; Darwin Horn wrote the author on 2/28/04: “I took Doster’s place on the WHD in August 1954. He was always delighted to tell me how he appreciated that. He died young”; deceased 1987)
27) Edith E. Duncan (PRS: Bouck's secretary; had been former Chief U.E. Baughman's secretary---"Secret Service Chief", p. 37; interviewed by the HSCA 5/3/78: outside contact report, 5/13/78: outside contact report, 5/15/78; deceased)
28) William L. “Bill” Duncan (Member of Inauguration Detail for JFK, 1/20/61; became Assistant Director of protective forces training at the Training Division in the summer of 1967; Nixon: ASAIC [in charge of First Family] until let go by Haldeman in 1972; picture w/ caption in "Fort Worth Press" 11/22/63; McCarthy's book pp. 217-218, Venker's book p. 58; Melanson's book, p. 157; now part of an acclaimed security firm with Wunderlich)
29) Robert R. “Bob” Faison (African-American; 1962: WFO [3 HSCA 401]; pictured on page 85 of AFAUSSS book from 1991)
30) Deeter B. "Dick" Flohr (Ike's driver/ garage detail; Member of Inauguration Detail for JFK, 1/20/61; PRS; began White House duty in approx. 1937; mentioned in "Secret Service Chief", p. 174, and Youngblood's book, p. 47; pictured on pages 66, 70 & 71 of AFAUSSS book from 1991; deceased 2/24/96)
31) Robert W. Foster (Member of Inauguration Detail for JFK, 1/20/61 [follow-up car]; SAIC of Kiddie Detail; in Secret Service for 22 years before retiring in 1978; 1988: U.S. Marshal for the Southern District of Ohio; interviewed for Manchester's book "The Death of a President" 11/18/64; picture in Stoughton's book, page 148 & “John F. Kennedy -A Life in Pictures”, page 198; "Columbus Dispatch" 11/20/88; NBC, etc. 7/99 re: death of JFK Jr.)
32) James K. "Jack" Fox (PRS photographer; served in the agency during Truman era; Member of Inauguration Detail for JFK, 1/20/61, as a clerk in PRS; interviewed by HSCA [8/7/78: outside contact report] and Mark Crouch; deceased 1987)
33) Stanley B. Galup (joined the Secret Service in 1962 at the age of 46 [83 in 1999]---The former Detroit police officer and monk was immediately posted to Hyannis Port, Mass., to guard the Kennedys' summer home; 23 years as a special officer with the U.S. Secret Service---He was assigned to guard facilities in which presidents and vice presidents stay or visit. In 1975, Galup received a transfer to the Detroit office of the Secret Service and worked there until he retired in 1985; Detroit Free Press, 7/23/99)
34) Kenneth S. Giannoules (Member of Inauguration Detail for JFK, 1/20/61; Nixon era: INTERPOL National Central Bureau Chief, Dept. of the Treas.)
35) Morgan L. Gies (Member of Inauguration Detail for JFK, 1/20/61; SAIC of Garage Detail; had been Truman's driver in Washington, D.C.; took part in Secret Service school # 8 in January 1956; attended third annual AFAUSS conference in Alexandria, VA, 9/27-9/28/74; pictured on page 62 of AFAUSSS book from 1991; deceased)
36) John J. Giuffre (Member of Inauguration Detail for JFK, 1/20/61; Kiddie detail: from Indianapolis [and Dallas] Office [s]; Ford era: SAIC of an office)
37) Arthur L. Godfrey (Member of Inauguration Detail for JFK, 1/20/61; ATSAIC; MSU graduate; member of WHD Truman to Nixon; took part in Secret Service school # 8 in January 1956; retired July 1974; mentioned in McNally's book, p. 120; pictured on pages 62, 66, 67 & 102 of AFAUSSS book from 1991; p. 176 of Darwin Horn’s book; interviewed for “The Arrogance of Power: The Secret World of Richard Nixon” by Anthony Summers (Penguin USA, 2001), including picture; deceased 5/12/02)
38) James R. “Jim” Goodenough (V.P. LBJ Detail [see also 16 H 950-951; p. 93 of Youngblood's book] LBJ era: assigned to Luci Johnson's detail; in Secret Service from August 1959 until April 1985)
39) David B. Grant (1978, V.P. Protective Detail; p. 233 of Youngblood's book re: advance for Nixon's first inaugural w/ Livingood; interviewed by HSCA [2/3/78, 3/15/78: executive session]; short comment in "Mortal Error" 1992; pictured on page 95 of AFAUSSS book from 1991; brother-in-law: fellow former agent Clinton J. Hill!)
40) William R. Greer (garage; served in the Navy during WWII---in 1944 assigned to FDR's yacht the Potomac; transferred to the Secret Service in 1946; Member of Inauguration Detail for JFK, 1/20/61; retired in 1966; attended third annual AFAUSS conference in Alexandria, VA, 9/27-9/28/74; interviewed by FBI (11/22 and 11/27/63), Warren Commission [3/9/64], William Manchester [11/19/64], Jim Bishop, David Lifton 11/20/67 & 1/18/71, Walt Brown 1970, researchers for Newcomb/Adams 12/6/70 & 6/26/71, HSCA [1/4/78: outside contact report, 2/28/78, 9/6/78: outside contact report, and 12/4/78: outside contact report], Robert Milner 1978-1985, and "Asheville-Citizen Times" 11/6/83; deceased 2/23/85; first wife Ethel passed away 1969; son, Richard; second wife: Mary Finger)
41) James H. “Jim” Griffith (WFO, 1950’s; took part in the SAIC Administration School in 1955;Member of Inauguration Detail for JFK, 1/20/61, as a ASAIC of the WFO; 1961 [3 HSCA 400]; later became SAIC of Cincinnati office; pictured on page 63 & 64 of AFAUSSS book from 1991; deceased)
42) Dennis R. Halterman (Member of Inauguration Detail for JFK, 1/20/61; deceased 1988); Walt Coughlin wrote the author on 4/27/05: “Dennis died a terrible death w/brain cancer.”
43) Ned Hall II (1962: WFO [3 HSCA 401, 420]; assisted Bill Duncan in protective forces training at the Training Division in the summer of 1967; deceased 8/11/98)
44) Harvey Henderson (on WHD “thru most of the 1950’s” [according to Coughlin] and was there until at least early 1962; Member of Inauguration Detail for JFK, 1/20/61; nicknamed “The Birmingham Baron”; later, ASAIC of Birmingham, AL office; pictured on page 70 of the AFAUSSS book from 1991; pictured in Darwin Horn’s book [in Burbank photo, arm out stretched toward the car]; deceased 1/94)
45) George W. Hickey, Jr. (garage; in Service from 1963 to 1971---Pres. And V.P. details; interviewed by HSCA [6/15/78]; sued and lost re: "Mortal Error"; deceased)
46) Clinton J. Hill (retired in July 1975 as SAIC of WHD at the age of 43 [Melanson, p. 41]; interviewed by Warren Commission [3/9/64], interviewed for Manchester's book "The Death of a President" [11/18/64 and 5/20/65] and "60 Minutes" 12/7/75 and 11/93; 12/63 newsreel re: Treasury award (w/ C. Douglas Dillon as presenter), "Who Killed JFK-The Final Chapter?" (CBS, 11/19/93), "The Secret Service" and "Inside The Secret Service" videos 1995; “Inside The U.S. Secret Service” documentary 2004; pictured in AFAUSSS book from 1991; pictured in Darwin Horn’s book; wife’s name: Gwen Brown; 2 sons; brother-in-law: fellow former agent David B. Grant!)
47) John C. “Jack” Holtzhauer (Member of Inauguration Detail for JFK, 1/20/61; V.P. LBJ Detail 1961; part of the Counterfeit Division in 1969; p. 89 of Youngblood's book; p. 162 of Darwin Horn’s book; deceased 10/19/98)
48) Andrew M. Hutch (former member of WH Police; WHD/ garage: 11/18/63 onward [shift reports]; Ford era: still WHD; p. 241 of Youngblood's book; deceased 1991)
49) Jim Jeffries (First Lady Detail; took part in Secret Service school # 8 in January 1956; WHD: Ike; Member of Inauguration Detail for JFK, 1/20/61; attended third annual AFAUSS conference in Alexandria, VA, 9/27-9/28/74; pictured on pages 62, 67 & 70 of AFAUSSS book from 1991)
50) Thomas Lemuel "Lem" Johns (born 12/11/25; 1978, Spec. Asst. to HEW Sec. Joseph Califano; retired from Secret Service in May 1975 after serving 21 years; also served two years with Alcohol & Tobacco Tax Unit; served first in the Birmingham, AL office; 1957-1959: Chicago Office; 1959-1960: WHD; Member of Inauguration Detail for JFK, 1/20/61; 1960: transferred to Atlanta, GA office; 1960-1963: called back to serve on the WHD in connection with protection matters at Middleburg, VA [Kennedy residence] and Hyannis port, MA; 1962: V.P. LBJ's Detail; ATSAIC; ASAIC; Member of Inauguration Detail for LBJ, 1965; 1967 Assist. Dir. for Protective Forces; 1968: head of Protective Force; 1969: transferred back to Birmingham, AL office as SAIC until retired in May 1975; his son served on the WHD late 1970's to ?; interviewed for Manchester's book "The Death of a President" [11/19/64]; interviewed by HSCA [8/8/78]; 1999 comments to "Newsday" [2])
51) Richard E. Johnsen (Member of Inauguration Detail for JFK, 1/20/61; Carter era: ASAIC of Dignitary Protective Division; interviewed by HSCA [6/14/78]; retired in 1979; short comment in "Mortal Error" 1992; pictured in David Lifton’s “Best Evidence” [photo 42 B] and on page 82 of the AFAUSSS book from 1991)
52) John Paul Jones (Member of Inauguration Detail for JFK, 1/20/61; V.P. LBJ Detail 1961; pp. 64-65 of Youngblood's book; deceased March 2004)
53) Radford W. "Rad" Jones (WHD: 11/12/63 onward [shift reports]; retired in 1983 after 20 years of service; during his career, had been in charge of the Seattle, Washington and Alaska operations, served as a supervisor in a number of field offices and headquarters divisions. He was also assigned to Presidential, Vice Presidential, and foreign dignitary protective details. He was responsible for security coordination during the 1976 Presidential inauguration and three political conventions; teachs at the School of Criminology, MSU [graduate 1962]; Manager of Security Department for Ford Motor Company and, like Burke & Blaine, a member of the Overseas Security Advisory Council-OSAC---for the U.S. Department of State; also a Security Administration instructor at MSU)
54) Kent Dolson Jordan (First Lady Detail: temporary assignment from WFO from 11/15/63 until at least 11/23/63 [shift reports])
55) Dale E. Keaner (WHD: from 11/23/63 until ? [11/63 shift reports])
56) Brooks T. Keller (Nixon era: SAIC of St. Louis office; also had been assigned to the WH, Oklahoma City office, and the Paris office; becamen SAIC of Liaison with law enforcement agencies and the news media for the NY office by the late 1970's; mentioned in McCarthy's book and Venker's book; Walt Coughlin wrote the author on 2/29/04: “Now Brooks was a legend. When told to catch the next available transport back to the USA from Paris (for a discipline problem) he took the Queen Mary (8 days!) There are hundreds of stories about Brooks. He used to brag that he applied for a job as a life guard @ Ocean City, Md and the SS and he was turned down by Ocean City!!”; deceased)
57) Roy H. Kellerman (ASAIC; 1941 to Dec. 1968; Kellerman was not White House Detail until 1942 and continued through 1951, and then returned to WHD in 1955: joined the Detroit office of the Service in 12/41, transferred 2/9/42 to the Washington, D.C. field office after a 30 day assignment in the Cincinnati office, 4/17/42 became member of White House Detail, 2/7/51 transferred to Indianapolis office, 2/1/55 went back to the White House Detail; Member of Inauguration Detail for JFK, 1/20/61; on 1/8/65 was made Deputy to Assist. Director of Protective Forces replacing Boring and retired from the Service 12/68 as Assistant Administrator of the Service; interviewed by the FBI (11/22 and 11/27/63), the Warren Commission [3/9/64], Manchester's book "The Death of a President" [11/17/64 and 5/12/65], Walt Brown 1970, Newcomb/ Adams 1970, CFTR radio 1976, and the HSCA [8/24-8/25/77 and 12/1/78]; pictured in AFAUSSS book from 1991; pictured in Darwin Horn’s book; deceased 3/22/84; wife’s name: June; 2 daughters, ages 17 and 20 in 1964)
58) Thomas J. Kelley (Inspector; had been ASAIC of WFO in the 1950’s; left the WFO during the summer of 1955 to become the SAIC of the Philadelphia office; took part in first formal Secret Service agent training held in Washington D.C. 10/19-11/6/53 as an instructor; Instructor at Secret Service School, 1955; took part in the SAIC Administration School in 1955; ASAIC of WFO, mid-1950’s; Member of Inauguration Detail for JFK, 1/20/61; became Asst. Dir. of Investigations in 1965; 1968: head of Protective Intelligence; Assist. Dir.: retired in Feb. 1978 along with Peterson; attended AFAUSS conference in 1973; interviewed by the Warren Commission, Manchester's book "The Death of a President" [10/9/64], Jim Bishop (?), 5/19/70 letter to Harold Weisberg ["Post Mortem", p. 274], and the HSCA [8/18/78, 8/30/78: deposition, 9/19/78: testimony]; pictured on pages 58, 63, 64, 83 & 107 of the AFAUSS book from 1991; deceased; wife’s name: Helen)
59) Samuel A. Kinney (garage; appointed to D.C. Metropolitian Police Dept. in 1950; assigned to Uniformed Division/ WH Police Force in 1958; appointed to the Secret Service in 1960; retired in 1967; interviewed for Manchester's book "The Death of a President" [2/19/65]; interviewed by HSCA [2/26/78]; short comments in "Mortal Error" 1992; "Today" show
11/22/93;deceased 7/21/97; wife’s name: Hazel)
60) Jerry D. Kivett (in Secret Service from 9/8/61 to 3/31/82; V.P. LBJ Detail; 12/63: assigned to Lady Bird's detail; Ford era: SAIC of Atlanta office; picture in Lady Bird Johnson's book, “White House Diary,” Funk & Wagnall’s Publishing Co., 1970; retired from Georgia Power Company on 3/31/00)
61) Clarence Knetsch (SAIC of LBJ Ranch; with LBJ back in 1961; came from the San Antonio field office; mentioned in Youngblood's book and LBJ Library Oral History; deceased)
62) H. Stuart "Stu" Knight (SAIC of V.P. LBJ Detail; in Service from Truman to Reagan; took part in Secret Service school # 8 in January 1956; Member of Inauguration Detail for JFK, 1/20/61 [conducted protective survey jointly with WFO SAIC James M. Beary]; became ASAIC of Los Angeles Field Office, 1966-1969---Darwin Horn wrote the author on 3/8/04: “He was never the SAIC but he could have been Acting SAIC from 9/69 to 1/70”; became Director in September 1973, replacing Rowley; replaced as Director in 1981 by John R. Simpson; mentioned frequently in Youngblood's book; contacted several times during HSCA era; also mentioned in Youngblood’s, McCarthy's, Venker's, and Horn’s books on the Service; pictured in AFAUSSS book from 1991)
63) Robert L. Kollar (1978, ASAIC Ford Protective Detail; appointed to Secret Service 7/23/62: Los Angeles office; 12/2/62: assigned to V.P. LBJ's Detail; 1963-July 1969: WHD; 7/27/69: went back to Los Angeles office; interviewed by HSCA [3/1/78]; mentioned in Youngblood's, McCarthy's, and Horn’s books on the Service; wife’s name: Eve)
64) Jackson N. Krill (OSS; took part in the SAIC Administration School in April 1956; Kansas City office of Secret Service re: protection of the Trumans; Member of Inauguration Detail for JFK, 1/20/61; Chief Inspector: debriefed agents after the assassination [inc. Robert Jamison-see his HSCA interview]; Asst. Dir. of Inspections; aided in the re-organization of the Service after the Warren Commission made its recommendations; mentioned by Rowley during his Truman Library Oral History; pictured on page 63 of AFAUSSS book from 1991; deceased 1/20/00)
65) Paul E. Landis, Jr. (Member of Inauguration Detail for JFK, 1/20/61; First Lady Detail; up to LBJ era---in Service for 5 years; Contacted by HSCA [2/17/79: outside contact report; see HSCA Report, page 606]; 1988: V.P. of Knutsen Machine Products in Cleveland, OH;"Columbus Dispatch" 11/20/88; interviewed for “Just Jackie: Her Private Years” by Edward Klein, Ballantine Books, 1999)
66) Elmer C. Lawrence (PRS; WFO, circa 1954-1955; took part in Secret Service School #4, 1/10-2/4/55; Member of Inauguration Detail for JFK, 1/20/61; pictured on page 64 of AFAUSSS book from 1991; deceased)
67) Winston George Lawson (1978, SAIC Liaison Division; joined Secret Service 10/59, entering the Syracuse, NY office; Member of Inauguration Detail for JFK, 1/20/61; WHD: 3/61; interviewed by Warren Commission [4/23/64] and HSCA [1/31/78, 4/21/78]; pictured on page 101 of the AFAUSSS book from 1991; short comments in "Mortal Error" 1992; "Inside The Secret Service" video 1995; “The Secret Service” by Melanson 2002; wife’s name: Barbara)
68) Donald J. Lawton (1978, Intelligence Division; still in Secret Service as of 11/22/97)
69) J. Leroy Lewis (Member of Inauguration Detail for JFK, 1/20/61; SAIC of Forgery Section; a charter member of the AFAUSSS in 1969; deceased)
70) Robert E. Lilley (from election night until 10/63; Member of Inauguration Detail for JFK, 1/20/61; went to Boston office; 20+ years in the Secret Service; Darwin Horn wrote the author on 3/8/04: “Bob Lilley was the SAIC in St Louis in about 1978”)
71) Wilson "Bill" Livingood (born 10/1/36; MSU grad, 1961; Dallas office: 8/8/61 to 11/62; V.P. LBJ Detail 11/62-11/63; WHD 11/63 to 1977? [1969: ATSAIC; 1974:ASAIC]; 1978: became an Inspector; 1982: SAIC of Houston office; Deputy Assistant Director, Office of Training in 1986; subsequently served as Executive Assistant to the Director from 1989 until his retirement in January 1995; the last agent on active duty when President Kennedy was assassinated; personal highlight was advancing President Nixon's historic trip to China; CBS 1994+1998-1999; mentioned in Youngblood's book; Sgt. At Arms of the House of Representatives during Clinton/Bush years: appointed 1/4/95; As Sergeant-at-Arms, he oversees all security issues related to the Speaker of the House, the Congressional Leadership, all Members of Congress, and physical security of the Capitol and House Office Buildings. He also is chief protocol officer of the House, and has the privilege of announcing the arrival of the President and other special guests for the State of the Union address; interviewed for “Just Jackie: Her Private Years” by Edward Klein, Ballantine Books, 1999)
72) James M. Mastrovito (in Secret Service 1959-1979; 1960-1962: WHD; summer of 1962: went to Charleston, WV office; Deputy, Intelligence Div. For 10 years before becoming the director a few years before he retired; in charge of the JFK assassination file at the Secret Service in the 1970’s; 4/1/97 ARRB interview)
73) Lynn S. Meredith (Kiddie detail; became the Assistant to the Director of Training [Howard Anderson] for the Training Division, in charge of administration, in the summer of 1967; in the Secret Service from 1951 to 1983; pictured in Gallagher's book; no relation to Lynn E. Meredith)
74) Richard “Dick” Metzinger (WHD: 11/10/63 to 11/23/63, returning to field office [shift reports]; Former agent Walt Coughlin wrote the author on 2/22/04: “Dick Metzinger worked a while w/us on the V.P. Detail. I recall he was a temp (maybe permanent) from Baltimore F.O. and resigned early in his career.”)
75) Gerard B. "Jerry" McCann (ASAIC during Truman/ Ike years; went to Cincinnati office afterward; took part in the SAIC Administration School in April 1956; Member of Inauguration Detail for JFK, 1/20/61; Inspector; later, Deputy Assistant to the Director [around 1967]; attended third annual AFAUSS conference in Alexandria, VA, 9/27-9/28/74; interviewed for "Truman" 1992; mentioned on p. 18 of Youngblood's book; pictured on page 63 of AFAUSSS book from 1991; Darwin Horn wrote the author on 2/27/04: “Gerry McCann was my shift leader for about one year then he was transferred to Cincinnati as the SAIC and Floyd Boring took over his shift.”)


76) John J. McCarthy (WHD: 11/10/63 to 11/23/63, returning to field office, most likely Washington [shift reports])
77) William "Tim" McIntyre (born 5/13/35; married with four children; arrived at the WHD in the fall of 1963 from a two-man office in Spokane, WA; 1978, Inspector; interviewed by HSCA
[1/31/78], "The Dark Side of Camelot", ABC 12/4/97 and 1/28/98)
78) Chester J. Miller (Member of Inauguration Detail for JFK, 1/20/61, for PRS; ASAIC of PRS; SAIC San Diego CA office, 1970's)
79) Edward Morey (WHD: at least 11/1/63 thru 11/23/63 [shift reports])
80) Larry Newman (joined the Service in 1960; Member of Inauguration Detail for JFK, 1/20/61; assigned to the WHD in October 1961; left the WHD in October 1963, not long before the assassination---went to the San Francisco, CA office [and, allegedly, the WFO]; worked in Secret Service field offices on the West Coast for the next twenty years; became chief of security for Western Union after retiring; also worked for the IRS and DEA; "The Dark Side of Camelot", ABC 12/4/97 and 1/28/98; interviewed for “Just Jackie: Her Private Years” by Edward Klein, Ballantine Books, 1999; no relation to JFK friend with same name)
81) Joseph E. Noonan, Jr. (born 9/11/30; came to this office on 11/2/59; remained there until 2/61: transferred to WHD; 6/62: transferred back to Chicago; as of 4/78, in charge of intelligence operations for the Chicago office; 6/78: transferred to Los Angeles, CA office; interviewed by HSCA [4/13/78, 7/14/78:deposition])
82) Howard K. Norton (PRS photographer; in Austin 11/22/63, plus photographed limousine 11/23/63; according to Dale Wunderlich: "[Norton was] the first "Security Technician" that was hired by the USSS. He was retired from the Air Force where I believe that he was a Sergeant Major in OSI. He was never a Special Agent, but was extremely knowledgeable in the field of electronics and electronic countermeasures. In fact, I was told by a friend of his that he was one of the technicians that discovered the resonance cavity that the Russians planted in the U.S.
seal that was given to the U. S. Ambassador to Moscow, Russia.")
83) Roy (Gene) Nunn (WHD: 11/11/63 up to at least 11/23/63 [shift reports]; had been on JFK”s Nashville trip 5/18/63; retired around 1975; went to work for FEMA)
84) John J. "Muggsy" O'Leary (driver/ luggage; from JFK's Senate days; interviewed for Manchester's book "The Death of a President" [11/10/64]; picture in Gallagher's book; deceased)
85) Ernest E. Olsson, Jr. (Carter era: Inspection Division headquarters; interviewed by HSCA [6/12/78])
86) Gerald W. O'Rourke (WHD: 11/11/63 onward [shift reports])
87) Joseph Paolella (in Secret Service from Ike to LBJ; allegedly first agent of Italian descent to be assigned to WHD; WHD & Chicago office; left agency in 1964 due to dislike of LBJ; "The Dark Side of Camelot", ABC 12/4/97; now a private detective and polygraph examiner)
88) Jack Parker (1961) ([see 3 HSCA 400] Member of Inauguration Detail for JFK, 1/20/61, as a member of the WFO; Darwin Horn wrote the author on 2/22/04: “Jack Parker who was one notch ahead of me on the Detail. He worked for Gerry McCann and Floyd Boring when McCann left for Cincinnati. Jack ultimately went into PRS and was there during 1968. That was a difficult assignment. He is now deceased, having expired early in life. He smoked like a chimney”; deceased)
89) Paul J. Paterni (OSS; joined the Secret Service in 1933; Truman-Ike: SAIC of San Francisco office, then went to Chicago in approx. 1957 as SAIC, replacing Anheier; Deputy Chief as of 1/31/61, replacing Daniels; into LBJ era [see also 5 H 67; 7 H 354, 403; 13 H 65]; a charter member of the AFAUSSS in 1969; “The Arrogance of Power” by Anthony Summers, page 560; deceased 1984)
90) William B. “Bill” Payne (LBJ era: was advance man for 5/64 Atlanta trip [Youngblood's book, pages 160, 162]; mentioned on the AF1 tapes 11/22/63 w/ Burke; pictured on page 117, to the right of Lawson, in Lois Anderson’s book “John F. Kennedy”; mentioned by Bill Moyers on A&E 1992; deceased)
91) Burrill A. Peterson (Inspector; 1968: made head of Investigations; joined the agency in 1941; WHD: FDR era; 1945: joined Army and served in the War Crimes Trial; returned to the Secret Service in 1946; took part in third Secret Service school held in Nov. and Dec. of 1954; took part in the SAIC Administration School in 1955; took part in the SAIC Administration School in April 1956; Member of Inauguration Detail for JFK, 1/20/61; retired in February 1978 as an Assistant Director [held this position since at least 1971], along with Kelley; interviewed for Manchester's book "The Death of a President" [10/9/64, 11/17/64, 11/18/64, 2/5/65]; p. 12 of "Secret Service Chief"; p. 176 of "Special Agent"; pages 259-260 of “Johnny, We Hardly Knew Ye”; pictured on pages 62, 63, 103 & 133 of AFAUSSS book from 1991; Darwin Horn wrote the author on 2/28/04: “Mr. Peterson was responsible for me going to Paris. I had been in L.A. for almost 20 years and they wanted me to leave. Go some other place and I didn't want to leave. Working with Bob Powis was as good as it got...but later I was delighted that Mr. Peterson asked me to go. He groomed quite a few people who later became the Director or Deputy Director. A nice person”; deceased 11/6/95; wife’s name: Virginia)
92) Max D. Phillips (PRS; had been on Ike's "grandkiddie" detail along with Bert de Freese---"Secret Service Chief", p. 140; Member of Inauguration Detail for JFK, 1/20/61; in Service up to Carter era [see also 23 H 418]---HSCA era: Sacramento, CA office)
93) Walter Pine (PRS; Member of Inauguration Detail for JFK, 1/20/61; attended third annual AFAUSS conference in Alexandria, VA, 9/27-9/28/74; former agent Darwin Horn wrote the author on 2/25/04: “Walter Pine was the brother-in-law to Chief Baughman and I believe he worked the WFO and PRS”; deceased)


94) Ronald M. Pontius (Member of Inauguration Detail for JFK, 1/20/61; Member of Inauguration Detail for LBJ, 1965; up to/ inc. Ford era WHD---involved in Sarah Jane Moore investigation in 1975; mentioned in Melanson's book, p. 64, Youngblood's book, p. 195[re: Australia trip], and "The Flying White House", p. 94; pictured on pages 85,87, 95, & 96 of AFAUSSS book from 1991; 20+ years in the Secret Service); Walt Coughlin wrote the author on 4/26/05: “Pontius a great guy. Still lives in San Clemente.” For his part, Dar Horn wrote the author on 5/3/05: “I believe Ron Pontius does Ron lives out here in San Clemente, I believe. I speak to him via telephone on occasion.”
95) John David "Jack" Ready (born 8/12/27; assigned to Secret Service Spring 1961: assigned to WHD, with temporary assignments at Hyannis port and Palm Beach; WHD: 1961-1968; 1968-1978: San Diego office, V.P. Agnew Detail, Dr. Kissinger Detail, Watergate & White House tapes; 1978, ASAIC, Nixon Protective Division) interviewed by HSCA [3/1/78]; contacted by author of "Mortal Error" 1992: refused to discuss matter; p. 226 of Darwin Horn’s book)
96) Emory P. Roberts (ATSAIC; served on the WHD during the Truman era; on V.P. Nixon’s trip to Caracas, Venezuela, 5/13/58; Member of Inauguration Detail for JFK, 1/20/61; interviewed for Manchester's book "The Death of a President" [12/4/64 and 4/26/65]; deceased 10/8/73; wife’s name: Betty; two sons: Douglas & Steven)
97) Wade J. Rodham (Member of Inauguration Detail for JFK, 1/20/61; SAIC of Kennedy Residence in Atoka/ Middleburg, VA; up to at least LBJ era; mentioned in Dorman's book and Youngblood's book re: V.P. Nixon/ Caracas, 5/13/58; pictured on page 64 of AFAUSSS book from 1991; deceased 1983)
98) Chief James Joseph “Jim” Rowley (FBI 1937-1938; joined the Secret Service 9/12/38;
became a member of the WHD 1939; SAIC 1946-Sept. 1961; Chief/ Director [title changed in 1965]: Sept. 1, 1961- September 1973; Member of Inauguration Detail for JFK, 1/20/61; interviewed by the Warren Commission; interviewed for Manchester's book "The Death of a President" [5/1/64]; Jim Bishop; LBJ Library 1/22/69; Truman Library 9/20/88; interviewed by the HSCA [8/18/78: deposition, 8/24/78: deposition, 9/19/78: testimony]; "Truman" 1992; short comments in "Mortal Error" 1992; attended third annual AFAUSS conference in Alexandria, VA, 9/27-9/28/74; deceased 11/1/92; Secret Service training facility in Beltsville,MD named after Rowley; wife of 52 years, the former Mabel Rita Cluen of Leisure World; 3 daughters- Claudia Dailey of Columbia, Linda Graham of Chevy Chase [MD], and Donna Ryan of Alexandria [VA]; brother- Rev. Francis P. Rowley, S.J. of Blauvelt, NY; sister- Marge Borise of Greenwich, Conn.; 8 grandchildren.)
99) Paul S. Rundle (Member of Inauguration Detail for JFK, 1/20/61; ATSAIC of V.P. LBJ Detail [see also 16 H 950-951; 18 H 814; p. 93 of Youngblood's book]; Paris Office, approx. 1965; became Assistant Director of special agent training at the Training Division in the summer of 1967; SAIC of Protective Forces [5/74]; pictured in Darwin Horn’s book; Darwin Horn wrote the author on 3/1/04: “Rundle was never the SAIC of the WHD. He did become DAD [Deputy Assistant Director] of Protection which kind of stepped over the SAIC of the WHD.”)
100) Henry J. “Hank” Rybka (Member of Inauguration Detail for JFK, 1/20/61, as a Special Officer [SO]: drove one of the two follow-up cars; garage; pictured on page 85 of AFAUSSS book from 1991; deceased 12/25/75 [according to Lawson)
101) Michael J. Shannon (V.P. LBJ Detail)
102) Anthony Sherman, Jr. (in Secret Service 1958-1980; on WHD 9/61-10/63; transferred to Spokane, WA office shortly before JFK's assassination; retired as SAIC of the San Franciso Field Office; "The Dark Side of Camelot", ABC 12/4/97, "Dateline" 3/98)
103) Thomas B. Shipman (Member of Inauguration Detail for JFK, 1/20/61; driver; see "A Million Miles of Presidents", p. 211; pictured on page 69 of the AFAUSSS book from 1991; deceased 10/14/63)
104) Robert R. “Bob” Snow (Member of Inauguration Detail for JFK, 1/20/61 [12/10/04 e-mail from Snow to author: “what the official report doesn't show was that I was DAMN cold while standing post between 14th and 15th.”]; retired in 1992 after 33 years in the service; P.R./ Headquarters; consultant to "ILOF" movie, as well as “The American President,” “Absolute Power,” “Contact,” “Air Force One,” and “Dick”; Snow wrote the author on 3/9/04: “During the Kennedy and Johnson years I was working in the Secret Service office in Buffalo, NY. Counterfeiting and forgeries of Government obligations was my major concern at the time…I went to Washington in 1966 but continued in the criminal areas of Secret Service responsibility. I was assigned to the White House during the Ford and Carter years and then went to Headquarters.”)
105) Frank G. Stoner (went to American University; in the Secret Service from December 1945 until June 1969 [Truman to Nixon]; PRS Liaison Officer [see also 5 H 581]; took part in Secret Service School #4, 1/10-2/4/55; Member of Inauguration Detail for Ike, 1957; Member of Inauguration Detail for JFK, 1/20/61; Member of Inauguration Detail for LBJ, 1965; 1962: WFO [see 3 HSCA 435]; LBJ era: author of report regarding Antonio Andres Rodriquez Y Eschazabal [12/15/64 Memorandum from Stoner to Elliot Thacker], Information and Liaison [6/23/66 Uteg Report; 10/12/66 Memorandum from Stoner to Ronald Towns]; a charter member of the AFAUSSS in 1969; attended third annual AFAUSS conference in Alexandria, VA, 9/27-9/28/74; wife’s name: Elaine Davenport; former agent Darwin Horn wrote the author on 2/27/04: “I believe that he worked the St. Louis office for a long tine and that he was transferred to Washington to work with Harold Polenz in the Travel Voucher Section. Frank must be in his late 80's by now. He must have joined Polenz somewhere about 1955 or 56.”)
106) Stewart G. "Stu" Stout, Jr. (Member of Inauguration Detail for JFK, 1/20/61; ATSAIC; a charter member of the AFAUSSS in 1969; pictured in AFAUSSS book from 1991; picture appears in Mark North’s “Act of Treason”; pictured on the cover of Darwin Horn’s book; Darwin Horn wrote the author on 2/27/04: “Stu Stout was Mrs. Eisenhower’s No. 1 agent. A no nonsense person who worked with Don Burke for many years with Mrs. Eisenhower. Stu also was involved on the WHD in November 1, 1950 during the assassination attempt on Truman”; deceased December 1974 [according to Lawson])
107) William R. Straughn (WHD: 11/1/63-11/9/63[shift reports])
108) Samuel E. Sulliman (Member of Inauguration Detail for JFK, 1/20/61; Member of Inauguration Detail for LBJ, 1965; 1978, SAIC of New Haven, CT office; pictured on page 147, to the left of Behn, in Lois Anderson’s book “John F. Kennedy,” as well as in Mary Gallagher’s book [unidentified, smiling in doorway of trailer]; now VP of Corporate Development for SERAPH Inc.)
109) Cecil Taylor (PRS)
110) Charles E. Taylor, Jr. (V.P. LBJ Detail, 1961; member of WFO, 1950’s; on V.P. Nixon’s trip to Caracas, Venezuela, 5/13/58; Member of Inauguration Detail for JFK, 1/20/61; involved in limo inspection on 11/22/63 [as part of the WFO: CD 80; see also 3 HSCA 401]; March 1976 Affidavit to Church Committee; pictured on page 64 of AFAUSSS book from 1991; Darwin Horn wrote the author on 3/1/04: “ I worked with him in WFO. We were good friends.”)
111) Robert H. “Bob” Taylor (Served on the WHD during the Truman era; took part in Secret Service School #4, 1/10-2/4/55; V.P. Nixon's detail, inc. in Caracas, Venezuela; Member of Inauguration Detail for JFK, 1/20/61; SAIC of WHD during part of LBJ time and most of Nixon's presidency---let go by Haldeman in 1972 [along with Duncan] and moved to the Foreign Dignitaries Protection Detail of which he became the SAIC in 1977 (in between, became chief of security for Nelson Rockefeller); mentioned in McNally's book, p. 120, and Youngblood's book; see also"The Flying White House", pp.260-261, Venker's book pp. 56-58+149, McCarthy's book pp. 201-202, Melanson's book, p. 67 and 157; pictured on pages 67 & 102 of AFAUSSS book from 1991; deceased, early 1980’s)
112) Warren "Woody" Taylor (assigned to Lady Bird: still in that position as of 8/3/67; Ford era: ASAIC of WHD; pictured in Lady Bird Johnson's book “White House Diary” with Kivett; interviewed by HSCA [6/14/78]---by then, Dignitary Protective Division)
113) Elliot C. Thacker (Head Inspector of PRS [see also 5 H 581]; had been the SAIC of Richmond previously; Member of Inauguration Detail for JFK, 1/20/61, as a member of the WFO [ASAIC]; deceased)
114) Ken Thompson (Member of Inauguration Detail for JFK, 1/20/61; member of Los Angeles Field office, approx. 1961-1962; WHD: 11/23/63 onward [shift reports]; Darwin Horn wrote the author on 3/1/04: “He was the best young agent that we ever had in Los Angeles. Fun to work with.”)
115) Michael W. Torina (Chief Inspector; became an agent during the FDR era; served on the WHD during the Truman era; took part in first formal Secret Service agent training held in Washington D.C. 10/19-11/6/53 as an instructor; took part in Secret Service School #4, 1/10-2/4/55 as an instructor; took part in the SAIC Administration School in April 1956; SAIC of Chicago office, 1964; spent 30 years in the Secret Service; Manchester, p. 32: 1961 interview; a charter member of the AFAUSSS in 1969; attended AFAUSS conference in 1973; pictured on pages 58 & 63 of AFAUSSS book from 1991; Darwin Horn wrote the author on 2/28/04: “I did not interact with Mike Torina. I think that he was more of an administrative agent rather than a street agent.”)
116) Edward Z. Tucker (Kiddie Detail in 1961; later, Chicago office; in Service up to Nixon era;
interviewed by HSCA [1/19/78, 7/18/78: deposition, 8/22/78])
117) John F. "Jack" Walsh (V.P. LBJ Detail 1961; Kiddie Detail 1961; became SAIC of this detail April 1968; "Star" 6/28/94)
118) John W. "Jack" Warner, Jr. (III) (Member of Inauguration Detail for JFK, 1/20/61; Inspector; Public Affairs Office; at least up to Reagan era; interviewed for Manchester's book "The Death of a President" [6/2/64, 11/18/64, 2/5/65, and 5/12/65]; see p. 555 of "Post Mortem"; CFTR radio 1976; consultant on "ILOF" movie)
119) Glenn Weaver (WHD: Ike era; had been a member of the Los Angeles field office from at least 1960-1963; WHD: 11/23/63 start as per shift report; became SAIC of V.P. Elect Detail during 1964 campaign; SAIC of V.P. Detail; Nixon era: guarded former V.P. Humphrey in 1969;Carter era: SAIC of an office; see also p. 93 and 200 of Youngblood's book; pictured on pages 85 & 91 of the AFAUSSS book from 1991; pictured in Darwin Horn’s book; Darwin Horn wrote the author on 3/8/04: “Glenn Weaver worked on IKE Detail and then came to LA. I think that he started in Detroit and then went to DC. After the WHD he came to LA and then was assigned to the LBJ Detail when he was VP. He was in Charge of HHH [Humphrey] Detail in 1968. He ended up as SAIC in Denver. We lived close together and worked a lot together. An excellent agent” For his part, Walt Coughlin wrote the author on 4/28/05: “Glenn & Warner [Brown] are 2 of my best five friends. Email them often and talk to them ( phone) monthly”)
120) Thomas Howard Wells (Kiddie detail; interviewed for Manchester's book "The Death of a President" [12/18/64]; pictured in Gallagher's book; Member of Inauguration Detail for JFK, 1/20/61; Jacksonville native---now works in Tallahassee as chief of inspections for the Florida Highway Patrol, he and wife Shirley recently built a house in Ponte Vedra Beach; guarded the children from November 1962 until August 1964, spent 22 years in the Secret Service---Wells joined the Secret Service in 1959 after graduating from Florida State University. His assignments included the White House, the Vice President's Office, field work and coordinating security for funerals for Presidents Truman and Johnson, as an inspector in the director's office. He retired in 1981 to go into private industry. Over the next few years, he served as director of public safety for Alabama [1987-1991], traveled the country as a criminal justice consultant and was deputy comptroller for Florida; "20/20", 7/99 [w/ 2 other agents] & Jacksonville Fl Times-Union 8/2/99)

121) Thomas White (PRS [HSCA document, 2/16/78, Robert O. Goff to Blakey])
122) Kenneth J. Wiesman (Member of Inauguration Detail for JFK, 1/20/61; WHD: on shift reports 11/1/63 thru 11/23/63; later went to Austin office [26 H 30-31])
123) Edgar A.Wildy (Deputy Chief; formerly an Inspector; took part in first formal Secret Service agent training held in Washington D.C. 10/19-11/6/53 as an instructor; instructor for Secret Service School #4, 1/10-2/4/55; Denver office, 1930’s; a charter member of the AFAUSSS in 1969; pictured on pages 59 & 69 of AFAUSSS book from 1991; deceased)
124) Carroll A. Winslow (secretary)
125) A. Dale Wunderlich (PRS; pictured in Darwin Horn’s book; now part of an acclaimed security firm w/ Bill Duncan; former agent Darwin Horn wrote the author on 2/22/04: “Dale Wunderlich was on the LAPD and we recruited him. I did his background. He was a very knowledgeable young agent and left us after several years in D.C. and Denver. Still a good friend.” Horn later wrote the author on 2/28/04: “Wunderlich was one of my guys. I did his background. A very smart, intelligent good police officer. I didn't know that he and [Bill] Duncan were affiliated in that business. Dale travels much of the time.)
126) John Frank Yeager (1957 graduate of Centre College; interviewed for “Just Jackie: Her Private Years” by Edward Klein, Ballantine Books, 1999)
127) Walter H. Young (PRS: head of files section; in 1965 was made Asst. Dir. for Protective Intelligence [see also 5 H 581]; deceased 1996)
128) Rufus Wayne Youngblood (ASAIC of V.P. LBJ Detail; joined the Secret Service in March 1951; started in the Atlanta, GA office; transferred to the WFO in Aug. 1952; joined the WHD in February 1953 and stayed until the end of 1957; went back to the Atlanta office from 1958-1960; at the end of 1960 came to Washington on a temporary assignment inc. as a member of Inauguration Detail for JFK, 1/20/61; rejoined WHD March 1961; a few weeks later, became part of the V.P. LBJ Detail that at that time was part of the WFO; became one of the ASAIC's of the WHD after the assassination; Member of Inauguration Detail for LBJ, 1965; went on to become the SAIC, then, in Nov. 1965, the Asst. Dir. of Protective Forces; Dec. 1967: Deputy Director until retired by Haldeman in 1971 (12/63 newsreel re: Treasury award ; see Venker's book p. 45; interviewed by the Warren Commission [3/9/64]; interviewed for Manchester's book "The Death of a President" [11/17/64]; LBJ Library 12/17/68; his own book "20 Years in the Secret Service" [Darwin Horn wrote the author on 3/1/04: “I read the book that Rufus wrote. He was a very good friend of mine. I liked his much better than Dennis' (McCarthy’s book).”]; pictured on pages 67 & 70 of AFAUSSS book from 1991; 1992 Georgia Tech; Todd Vaughan 1992; "The Secret Service" video 1995; deceased 10/2/96 [served in the very same AF unit in WWII as Howard Donahue of "Mortal Error" fame!]; wife’s name: Peggy)
129) Charles T. "Chuck" Zboril (pictured on page 95 of AFAUSSS book from 1991; 20+ years in the Secret Service)
--------------------------------------- Part Two
MEMBERS OF UNIFORMED DIVISION/ WHITE HOUSE POLICE (WHP):
[Unidentified WHP on p. 33 of "Alone With The President" by John Strasbaugh (Blast Books, 1994)]
130) JAMES M. CARTER- GARAGE DETAIL (11/3-11/17/63, replaced by Andrew M. Hutch 11/18/63)
131) JOHN F. NORRIS-1954-1973 (interviewed for Bill Sloan's 1993 book "JFK: Breaking The Silence"; mentioned in H.E.L.'s "Killing The Truth"; deceased 4/30/03)
132) J.W. EDWARDS- INVOLVED IN LIMO INSPECTION NIGHT OF 11/22/63
133) J.C. ROWE- SAME AS ABOVE
134) [FNU] SNYDER- SAME AS ABOVE
135) [FNU] RUBENSTAL- SAME AS ABOVE
136) SGT. [FNU] BURKE- INVOLVED IN LIMO SECURITY NIGHT OF 11/22/63
137) [FNU] EDMUNDS- SAME AS ABOVE
138) MAJOR RALPH C. “SMOKEY” STOVER- CHIEF OF WHP since Jan. 1958- RETIRED IN April 1967 (Replaced by Glenard Lanier; Mentioned in Youngblood's book: pages 92, 183-184; mentioned in "Secret Service Chief", p. 129; pictured in AFAUSSS book from 1991; "It was Kennedy who nicknamed my dad `Smokey' Stover. He named him after a comic strip at the time," said Stover's son, Jeff, 48, who followed in his father's footsteps with the Secret Service, retiring four years ago. Stover- the only Secret Service agent in White House history to be promoted to "major and chief" by Congress- was born in 1911 in the tiny town of Elkhart, Ind.” [Knight Ridder/Tribune News Service; 1/26/2002; Rabin, Charles] deceased 1/24/02)
139) SGT. T. MASCIO (Member of Inauguration Detail for JFK, 1/20/61)
140) SGT. H. KEENER
141) PVT. C. BATES
142) PVT. E. BROWN
143) Alexander BOHNAK (Member of Inauguration Detail for JFK, 1/20/61; retired August 1962; passed away Jan 15, 2001)
144) PVT. N. DeGARIE
145) PVT. William C. “Bill” GEASA--- (later drove follow-up car, LBJ era; pictured on page 85 of AFAUSSS book from 1991; deceased 1/24/01)
146) SGT. [FNU] DEVENS
147) PVT. [FNU] HORTON
148) SGT. R. RAYNER
149) PVT. S. HARRIS
150) [FNU] PIKULSKI
151) SGT. IRVING WATKINS
152) SPECIAL OFFICER (SO) LEONARD S. DRY- DRIVER (deceased)
153) SGT. [FNU] ROWECAMP
154) J.E. YOUNG (Member of Inauguration Detail for JFK, 1/20/61)
155) J.B. BOWLES, JR. (Member of Inauguration Detail for JFK, 1/20/61)
156) M.R. NAZARAWH (Member of Inauguration Detail for JFK, 1/20/61)
157) J.L. POLACHECK (Member of Inauguration Detail for JFK, 1/20/61)
158) W.A. WYCKOFF (Member of Inauguration Detail for JFK, 1/20/61)
159) L.F. NEWMAN (Member of Inauguration Detail for JFK, 1/20/61)
160) G. J. WELLS (Member of Inauguration Detail for JFK, 1/20/61)
161) J.J. COUGHLIN (Member of Inauguration Detail for JFK, 1/20/61)
162) LT. K. O. PRATT (Member of Inauguration Detail for JFK, 1/20/61)

7:26 AM  
Blogger Vince Palamara said...

some obits---
Arthur Lincoln Godfrey, 81, a Secret Service agent who was assigned to
presidential protection in the 1950s and 1960s and who retired in 1974
as assistant special agent in charge of the protective operations
service, died of kidney failure May 12, 2002, at Southern Maryland
Hospital Center in Clinton, Maryland.
Mr. Godfrey, a Temple Hills, Maryland, resident, served under
Presidents Truman, Eisenhower, Kennedy, Johnson and Nixon, largely
doing trip planning. After he retired, he was assistant press
secretary in the late 1970s for former vice president Nelson A.
Rockefeller. He also did press work for the Labor Department until the
early 1990s.
Mr. Godfrey was a native of Farmington, Michigan, and a police
administration graduate of Michigan State University.
He served in the Army in Europe during World War II, and his
decorations included a Silver Star, Bronze Star and Purple Heart. He
received the Silver Star for rescuing a soldier and carrying him back
to friendly lines in Italy while under enemy fire.
His avocations included photography, and after retiring, he took
freelance pictures on auto-racing assignments for the Associated
Press. He also was the official photographer of the Association of
Former Agents of the U.S. Secret Service.
He was a recipient of the Treasury Department's Albert Gallatin Award.


It was reported from Albuquerque, New Mexico, that former Secret
Service agent John Jones, who protected four presidents and drove
Jackie Kennedy to the hospital for the birth of her son John, died
Wednesday, March 2, 2004, of pancreatic cancer, at the age of 75.
He probably had a book full of anecdotes about his association with
presidents, but mostly kept those to himself, said his wife of 51
years, Betty Jones.
However, occasionally he would talk about something harmless, such as
driving then-president-elect Kennedy's wife to the hospital.
His wife said his first assignment was Eisenhower's grandchildren.
Jones spent 25 years with the Secret Service, working with presidents
Eisenhower, Kennedy, Johnson and Nixon. He also was head of the
Albuquerque Secret Service office twice before his retirement in 1979.



AKA: John Paul Jones or John P. Jones.

Robert J. Motto, Former Secret Service Agent, Protected Five Presidents, 88
All 2 messages in topic - view as tree


Robert J. Motto, Former Secret Service Agent, Protected Five Presidents, 88


.
Robert J. Motto, 88, a former Secret Service agent who protected five
presidents in his 21-year career, died Tuesday, March 19, 2002, in his
Downers Grove, Illinois, home after a heart attack. Born in Brooklyn,
N.Y., Mr. Motto attended City College of New York and served in the
U.S. Army from 1942 to 1946 in counterintelligence. After the war, he
was an investigator with the U.S. Postal Service in New York. Mr.
Motto joined the Secret Service in 1949 and over the years worked in
field offices in St. Louis, Philadelphia, Pittsburgh, Springfield and
Washington, D.C. He retired in 1970 as the assistant to the special
agent in charge of the Chicago field office. Mr. Motto and his late
brother Carmine, also a Secret Service agent, were renowned for their
undercover work, colleagues and family members said. "Both my dad and
my uncle were very, very low-key people," said Mr. Motto's niece,
Irene Kaufman. "I think that's what helped them both be very
successful undercover agents." During his Secret Service career, Mr.
Motto solved several counterfeiting cases, and he had numerous
adventures guarding presidents, recalled his longtime neighbor, Terry
Mejdrech. Mr. Motto used to tell the story about how he once had to
tackle President Harry Truman when there was some gunfire outside of
where Truman was staying and Mr. Motto thought the president was too
near the window, Mejdrech said. In the excitement, Mr. Motto yelled
and actually swore at Truman, she said. "The next day, he thought he
was going to be fired for sure," Mejdrech said. "But Truman thanked
him profusely." After his career with the Secret Service, Mr. Motto
held several state and local police jobs and worked as a private
investigator, retiring fully only about five years ago.



Re: Robert J. Motto, Former Secret Service Agent, Protected Five Presidents, 88


> Mr. Motto used to tell the story about how he once had to
> tackle President Harry Truman when there was some gunfire outside of
> where Truman was staying and Mr. Motto thought the president was too
> near the window, Mejdrech said. In the excitement, Mr. Motto yelled
> and actually swore at Truman, she said. "The next day, he thought he
> was going to be fired for sure," Mejdrech said. "But Truman thanked
> him profusely."
This was a pretty famous story for years afterward. It was the attack
by Puerto Rican nationalists on Blair House, where the Trumans were
staying while the White House was being rebuilt circa 1950. Truman
heard gunfire in the street and went over to the window to stick his
head out and see what was going on. Motto swooped in, knocked Truman
down, and reportedly said, "Get down, you stupid son of a bitch."
From this, you can see that Motto spoke fluent Trumanese.


Gerard B. McCann Secret Service Official
Gerard B. McCann, 92, retired deputy assistant director of the U.S.
Secret Service, died of complications from pneumonia Feb. 15 at his
home in Kensington.
Mr. McCann worked 33 years for the Secret Service, beginning in 1936 as
a clerk in his native Scranton, Pa. He later became a special agent and
served on the White House detail during the Roosevelt, Truman and
Eisenhower administrations.
In the late 1950s, he was the agent in charge of the Cincinnati field
office. At the end of his career, he was responsible for inspecting
field offices across the country.
In retirement, Mr. McCann worked for about six years in Washington as
an inspector for American Express, investigating credit card fraud.
Mr. McCann was a graduate of the Scranton branch of the University of
Pennsylvania Wharton School. He also attended the University of
Scranton and a law school in St. Louis.
Survivors include his wife of 65 years, Mary Madden McCann of
Kensington, Maryland; three children, Mary Ellen McCann of Los Angeles,
California, Richard McCann of Georgetown [Washington DC], South
Carolina, and Timothy McCann of Kensington; and four grandchildren.
Washington Post
FORT LAUDERDALE, Fla. (AP) - Maj. Ralph C. Stover, who protected five
presidents during his 27 years in the Secret Service's uniformed White House
Police Force, died Thursday of cancer. He was 90.
He joined in the White House Police Force in 1940 and served as chief of the
group for nine years, witnessing the public and private lives of Presidents
Dwight D. Eisenhower, John F. Kennedy and Lyndon B. Johnson.
Kennedy gave Stover the nickname ``Smokey.'' The Secret Service agent later
planned many of the details of President Kennedy's funeral procession.
Stover retired from the White House force, then known as the U.S. Secret
Service Uniformed Division, in 1968.
His younger son, Jeff Stover, followed his career path and together the
father-son pair protected 11 presidents over 50 years.

7:29 AM  
Blogger Kim said...

It never ceases to amaze me of the quality content in blogs. Yours is good.

We have a ugg handbag
site. It full of ugg handbag
information.

Come have coffee sometimes.

2:28 AM  
Blogger Va Virginia House Cleaning said...

Striking blog. I liked the site I will be back
again! Websurfing is a good way to find blogs like
yours.
Please come by and see my nh new hampshire house cleaning blog.

5:11 PM  
Blogger Vince Palamara said...

:)

5:19 PM  
Blogger Darth F said...

I'm glad to see you guys are still here and doing so good! I'll have to pop in here more often from now on. I've been looking in several places for good content. I have found many sites but most don't really have a lot of in depth information. I am very new to the web and am still getting the hang of things on where to find real information and not just the normal fluffy stuff. I am working on finding RSS feeds with solid useful information for my blue tooth motorcycle helmet site. Anyone who knows some good places to look please let me know, I would really appreciate it. Thank you ahead of time for your help!

11:38 PM  
Blogger gfh said...

There are wow gold 3 men in a plane. wow gold A priest, a baseball player world of warcraft power leveling and a soldier. the pilot goes into dog clothes the cabin and 2moons gold tells them that there Atlantica gold is a weight overload 2moons power leveling on the plane and they would each have to throw world of warcraft gold one personalworld of warcraft power leveling belonging out aoc power leveling the window to safely land. Power Leveling the priest throws flyff money out a bible and says,"forgive me lord, i will last chaos gold get another one.archlord power leveling The baseball player world of warcraft gold throws a baseball out and says, aoc gold "i play professional baseball, i can get thesearchlord gold whenever i want." Now

6:33 PM  
Blogger star said...

Unified Modeling Language (UML) provides a generic extension mechanism for customizing UML models for particular domains and platforms. Extension mechanisms allow refining standard semantics in strictly additive manner, tag definitions, and constraints that are applied to specific model elements, such as Classes, Attributes, Operations, and Activities.
greetings
Cialis online

6:04 AM  
Blogger pierce79 said...

my profile is very special that is the principal information for my profile .

generic Viaga Online

2:06 PM  
Blogger zercath said...

I don’t know If I said it already but …I’m so glad I found this site buy viagra…Keep up the good work I read a lot of blogs on a daily basis and for the most part, people lack substance but, I just wanted to make a quick comment to say great blog.

9:54 AM  

Post a Comment

<< Home